Choosing wood floor stain colors that have orangey, honey or red tones is a great choice for subtly adding depth and enhancing the grain of the wood. Actually lets back up for a second…. It’s the latter that I will be addressing on this page. The less boards you stain the faster you can move. If you had to buy 2 or more cans of stain to cover the area, mix all of the cans of stain together. In this case the color stays in the finish on top of the wood. The other way is to use a stain or wood dye, which is a liquid (usually water or solvent based) that contains a pigment which soaks into the wood. Without question, wood costs more than other types of flooring, but many homeowners view the material as a wise long-term investment. These water based stains are becoming higher and higher quality and are a good bet to go with. Wipe away the excess with a rag before moving on to the next section. The first thing you need to do is shake your can of stain thoroughly before pouring it out into your paint kettle. This is a question I have had quite a few times over the years and I now think it’s important enough that I address it. 5 Top Hardwood Options to Know. Work one manageable area at a time, such as four square feet. Be sure to contact the manufacturer to find out of the product is generally cross compatible. By Joe Provey and Bob Vila. It just means once you start, you don’t stop until it’s done. So when a floor is being stained, it is usually sanded back to bare wood and the stain is then applied. Then just keep going back and for until you are in the middle where you work your way backwards towards the door. Two ladies use a cloth to stain the hardwood floor surface. In general, gel or heavy-bodied stains work best. It is made to soak into whatever it’s being applied to change the color. Infact you may need a third rag at 10 square metres. The preferred technique isn’t so different from the one you’d use when mowing the lawn: Sand the floor in rows, overlapping your runs by approximately half the width of the sander. It’s time to start staining, but before you start there’s one thing you need to remember; time is of the essence. What it does is open the pores of the wood to allow it to take the stain evenly and deeply. Using a lambswool applicator, apply the stain to the floor, aiming for even distribution over one two-foot section at a time. After the stain is dry or if you are skipping stain, finish by sealing the floor. This is an intensive process that strips everything from the floor by grinding it down to the natural wood underneath all that shine. What is a stain? That took a lot of effort, it’s really difficult to explain this. Otherwise, sand the floor with fine, 320-grit abrasive to ensure that the second coat properly adheres. This means it works with the wood, exaggerating the patterns in the grain. Finally, switch to 100- or 120-grit abrasive and sand one more time. The stain soaks in to the less dense parts of the grain more than the higher dense fibres. Using either tack cloths or rags dampened with mineral spirits, wipe down the floor until it’s clean and clear of dust and debris. Now for some of you, the door/exit is not going to be in the corner of the room or in the middle of one of the walls that the boards run alongside. Step 3 Prepare Test Areas. Ideally you would get another person to help you with another bucket, brush and rags. … That way you don’t have to worry about the stain soaking in to get the desired colour. If you want to change or improve the floor color, apply a stain. Staining hardwood floors is easy, as long as you are aware of these hurdles. I buy rag in large rolls and cut off as much as I need for a particular floor. Doing so may take more sweat than you anticipated, but for a quality stain finish, it’s an important and sadly unavoidable effort. The other way is to use a stain or wood dye, which is a liquid (usually water or solvent based) that contains a pigment which soaks into the wood. “There's no better way to make wood floors feel elevated than by adding a dark stain. Wood Floor Stain – Each layer of stain takes at least 24 hours to dry, with darker stains taking longer. The wood grain is so open that in one coat you should be able to get the look you want. Let the stain dry, then assess whether you’d like the finish to be darker. Can pet stains be sanded out of hardwood floors. Rather, start the applicator a couple of feet away from the edge, then maneuver it to meet the previously coated section. So here is a hiccup that people often run into. Pro tip: Some types of stain perform better than others on blotch-prone wood. In the corners, or where the floor meets the baseboards, a two-inch paintbrush may prove handier than the applicator. Wood stains are coatings that protect the surface of furniture while promoting a dramatic look from the natural grain. This will give it time to level out before it dries, any lumps and bumps will be darker than the rest of the floor so this is important. In any area where the random orbital sander is too large to reach, use a palm sander or a detail sander to achieve the desired level of smoothness. But in the case that you don’t have someone to help you, here’s what I do. So now you have your floor sanded and smooth. Wipe dark areas of the floor with mineral spirits or acetone to lift the stain from the wood. There are 2 ways to do this, one way is with a colored finish, such as browned lacquer, a floor paint or white oil, for example. This last can had a hint of blue in it. Wipe it off to leave an even layer. The problem with refinishing wood floors without sanding is you never know what the floor was finished with before. I learnt this the hard way a few years ago when the paint kettle wasn’t quite big enough to mix all the cans needed for the floor. Pick two test areas on the floor: one in a high-traffic zone, the other along a … All the while brushing against the wall. I’ll explain why below. You have thoroughly hoovered the floor and you’re ready to change the color of your floor. You can’t patch repair this stuff. So here’s my solution; instead of ‘staining’ the floor, use a ‘coloured lacquer.’ That is, a lacquer that will actually protect your floor once applied, that has a color within it. Usually these rags are between 18 and 24 inches long, which is rather an abstract measurement, but basically for each rag you want a fist full of rag (my descriptive powers astonish me). Seal the Floor. Hopefully one day there will be a product that is so forgiving that you can stain a bit 1 day, then stain another bit another day, and it won’t cause a problem. Because floor sanding creates a great deal of dust, don’t forget to cover the doorways with plastic sheeting or a set of old sheets, preventing dust from traveling beyond the work area. Black hardwood flooring stains and how to refinish floors to make them as black as possible. Start ragging on the stain thickly. Just as with a good finish job, the first step to a quality staining job is making sure the floor is … Adding even more stress to the task: For any room larger than a closet, you’ll need a similarly large sanding tool to get the job done—namely, a waist-height random orbital sander. Now that you’ve got the wood stripped down to its natural state, you … Refinishing Hardwood Floors Uploaded Jul 11, 2014. These lacquers should be applied in the same way described in the “How to lacquer a floor.” You may want to put the coats down a little thicker than usual. Instead, sand either by hand or with a sanding pole. If the stain is black, you’re probably going to need to employ a tougher cleaning method than one you’d use for white water stains. Honey toned hardwood floors create rooms that are warm and welcoming. Staining costs about $0.34/SF per coat. Remove dust with a heavy-duty shop vac followed by rags dampened with mineral spirits. In the case of stains for wood or wood floors. YES INDEED. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. What’s more is that if the previous finish is worn off in areas, the stain WILL soak in and those areas will stand out like a sore thumb. Lets say the exit is directly in the middle of the floor. I hope this article has helped. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. The market is moving toward more water based stains and away from the solvent based. Try not to let the “wet edge” dry. Get fair costs for your SPECIFIC project requirements. Knowing how to stain and seal a hardwood floor properly pays off in having a beautiful finish and enduring protection. Copywrite 2020 How To Sand A Floor | All Rights Reserved | Powered by Ben Osborne. The goal here is staining hardwood floors without resanding right? Until then you have to be fairly swift and never leave an edge to dry for too long. How to remove black water stains from wood floors. Top the finish with a protective and glossy coat of polyurethane sealer. Wipe up any excess, then let the coat dry to a glassy finish. I would stain 2 boards along one side, then 2 along the other side. Remove dust with … They’re also generally user-friendly and pose little risk of damaging the floor, so long as you read and adhere to the operating instructions provided with the unit. If you’re ready and willing to take on the task, keep reading for the details on how to stain your own hardwood floors. I stained 70% of the floor then added the final can. Even after vacuuming every inch of the space, there’s still more to do. Stain the floor in sections long and wide enough to allow you to wipe the stain off about 5 minutes after application, without walking on it. After you’ve finished sanding, remove the plastic film off your windows, vents and … Using a high-density foam roller (and, if necessary, a two-inch brush for some parts of the room), apply a thin, even coat across the entire floor surface. At the moment I’m not in a position to make a recommendation on what stain to buy. Baseboard Removal and Reinstallation – If you remove the baseboards before work begins, you’ll end up with a cleaner overall sanding and staining job. Use a random orbital sander to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. At this point you need to to the same as before, but you are not going to be staining such large areas before ragging off. I first want to get some definitions straight. If so, apply a second coat in the same way that you did the first. With Minwax® wood stains, there’s a color to suit every style. Because when a hardwood floor starts to show wear and tear, you can refinish it and in so doing, revitalize its look and performance. That doesn’t mean I want you to rush and get flustered. Whew! Traumatised!eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'howtosandafloor_com-box-3','ezslot_3',127,'0','0'])); This is not a situation you want to find yourself in, as it may mean you need to re-sand, as leaving it to dry while driving out to buy more will mean a nasty join line when you resume the staining. Refinishing your hardwood floors is a great way to warm up your room and add value to your home. Don’t use your regular household vacuum, though—it’s probably not up to the task. Work toward the door from the farthest corner in the room; you don't want to have to walk over your freshly stained floor to get out of the room. Any larger than 20 square metres and you begin to need more rags. After cleaning up the inevitable dust with your shop vac and tack cloths, apply the second, final coat of sealer, then let it dry. If so there are a litany of different colored oils you can use. For a floor anything up to 20 square metres, I just need 2 rags, 1 for ragging on, and 1 for ragging off. Get free, no-commitment estimates from licensed flooring contractors near you. Choose an interior wood stain based on the color you desire and the type of hardwood flooring you have. , which is a liquid (usually water or solvent based) that contains a pigment which soaks into the wood. Use a random orbital sander to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. Whether you are hiring a contractor, or refinishing your floors yourself, you can find a wide variety of colors in our Wood Finish™ Stains to make your floors look just the way you want them to. It’s a demanding project, even for a veteran home handyman. Use a synthetic applicator to spread conditioner across the middle of the floor; allow to dry two hours. Then you want to dry off the surface with your “ragging off rag.”. You can download it here. Stain the Floors. Until you’re finished. You need to make sure that when the floor has been freshly stained, you’ll be able to leave it without stepping all over your work. How To Clean Hardwood Floors (advice from a Wood Floor Pro). For floors finished with wax or penetrating stains, very gently rub the water stain on the wood with #000 steel wool and wax. The technique of wetting the wood down before staining is called “popping” the grain. Allow approximately 30 minutes drying time before staining. Apply Stain to the Hardwood. Any questions also please leave below. The gel stain allows you to do some light prep and stain right over the existing stained wood. A stain or dye, is made to color something. See typical tasks and time to stain hardwood floors, along with per unit costs and material requirements. Staining and sealing hardwood floors the right way — whether you’re refinishing, refurbishing, or stripping the wood floor — results in years of enjoyment. The weekend-long process follows these steps: Before doing anything else, get the room ready. Protect the wood from wear and tear by applying a clear, protective finish. Clean the sanded area with #00 steel wool and mineral spirits or a wood floor cleaner. When you water pop wood, you won’t have to do multiple coats of stain either. The darker the stain, the more likely it is that water penetrated through the protective layers of finish and into the wood itself. One thing you must do is check how many square metres of floor the stain covers per litre and make sure you get enough + 10-15%. Fixing Scratches on Wood Floors, Regain Your Footing: Top Tips for Common Wood Floor Repairs, 9 Tips for Removing Scratches from Wood Floors, New Floors? So no taking calls halfway through. I personally like the solvent stains, purely because I have been using them for a decade. Don’t be tempted to use the brawny random orbital sander to sand at this late stage; here, finesse is the name of the game. These are liquids with a very fine dusty pigment in it. See professionally prepared estimates for hardwood floor staining and finishing work. The number of boards you stain should not make you have to stretch your arm out, and maybe even less on the first few boards, as the first run will be slower because you are having to brush against the back wall. Basically you can see wood flooring from ... Read More about How to pick the BEST wood stain for your floors If you apply these stains to a waterproof sealed wood floor, its not going to soak in properly and it’s going to be messy. If so, please leave a comment below or share this article! When the stain is completely dry, it’s time for the last step—protecting the finish with polyurethane sealer. It’s usually wise to begin in one of the corners opposite the door and then work your way toward the exit. Even the slightest difference can stand out like a sore thumb. Opt instead for a heavy-duty shop vac, fitted with a brush attachment and, ideally, a new filter. I decided I wanted to use the Gel stain and not have to sand down to the original wood. Hope it makes sense and gives you confidence in staining your floor! Apply Stain. All self explanatory so far. Before long you will find yourself with barely enough boards to shuffle down, leading back to the door. Joe Provey, Bob Vila, Helpful Hints for Refinishing Hardwood Floors, What Would Bob Do? Relocate all furniture, and if the room has baseboards use a pry bar to remove the quarter-round shoe moldings that mark the transition between the baseboard and the floor. Apply stain to the hardwood floor in one 2-foot section at a time using a lambswool applicator. Roll one of the rags into a ball and dip it into the stain (don't go … You want to start staining at the far end of the room from the exit. If the type of sealer you’re using does not require sanding between coats, you can proceed directly to the second application of polyurethane. Use a method called “water popping” in which you run a wet mop or cloth over the newly-sanded floor to raise the grain; this will cause the wood to better accept the stain. The reason is you want to replace the drying off rag at the point that it gets completely sodden. So here’s why you need more rags when the floor gets over 15-20 metres. This guide will teach you the various methods on how to stain wood and wood-staining techniques. To save money they wanted to refinish their floors themselves and without sanding. Other things to consider, is the previous finish an Oil? Remember to keep the sander level, and never stop the sanding disks when they are in contact with the floor. If you don’t this can lead to problems and longer drying times. (Note: Label each piece of shoe molding with its location to ensure easy reinstallation later.) First, set up the sander with 60-grit sandpaper and, after donning protective eyewear and a dust mask, start moving the sander over the floor. Apply the stain with a foam applicator pad in the direction of the wood grain. This means it works with the wood, exaggerating the patterns in … After you’ve completed the first round, swap in 80-grit sandpaper and sand again. You then want to swiftly load up (dip it into the stain, allowing a moment for the stain to poor off before moving it out from over the bucket) your “ragging on rag” and rub the stain into those boards only so far as you have brushed against the back wall. Empty the room. In reality, every single batch varies slightly in color. Your gloves and mask are on, you’ve poured out and stirred your stain. Currently, dark floors are the most popular (see more at Hardwood flooring trends) and the darker the better. A rich brown or graphite floor grounds a room and, from a practical standpoint, hides any imperfections in an existing floor.” — Eliza McNabb At this point, your job is simple but painstaking: Thoroughly vacuum up the enormous quantity of dust created during the sanding stage of the project. Learning how to apply stain allows you to bring out wood's rich colors and textures. Hardwood flooring offers rich, warm, timeless beauty, and can even favorably affect the resale value of your home. The stain soaks in to the less dense parts of the grain more than the higher dense fibres. What’s more is they wanted to refresh the color of their stained floors. If this is slightly too much for your paint kettle then mix it in a bucket and either use that or refill your paint kettle as and when you need to. Be prepared to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Exciting? UPDATE March 2016: I have updated my free eBook to include recommended stains for our US readers. The cost to Stain Hardwood Floors starts at $0.72 - $1.61 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. It's available as an oil-based stain, and comes in a wide selection of stain colors. If this method does not remove the stain, lightly sand with fine sandpaper. Sealing … Why? You typically must wait 24 hours before being able to walk safely on the floor again, and as long as 72 hours before replacing furniture in the room. Again, you just want to stain no more than your arm can reach, rag off the excess, move back, stain, rag off, move back, stain, rag off. Our complete Minwax ® interior stain system gives you everything you need for a great-looking finish every time. Sanding may be the single most critical step in the process; it largely determines the quality of the end result. Once you reach the end of the room with the 2 or 3 or 4 boards you are staining, go back to the other side of the room and start again with the next few boards. This week we are hoping to walk you through all the ins and outs of our first foray into refinishing our wood floors. I recently received a call from a Boutique shop owner that was having problems with her floor. You may also want to cover any light fixtures or HVAC vents. Once you’ve mapped out your path, get started. If you don’t sand the floor carefully and deliberately, that’s going to show once the stain dries. Start brushing the stain into the edge of the floor along the back wall about a metre to a metre and a half, from the corner out, then down the other wall along the ends of the boards, pictured below. Decide which amount of wood stain sealer gives you the desired look. Sherwin-Williams interior wood stain is ideal for staining hardwood floors, cabinets, or trim. Infact you want to replace it before then. Stir the protective finish. When pouring make sure you are doing it in a way that won’t splash! Wood floors cover 95% of our first floor and all of our stairway and an upstairs hallway. That said, you can save a considerable sum by doing it yourself, sometimes more than half of what it would cost to hire a pro. staining floor apply stain. Typically the floor will then be sealed with some sort of lacquer or varnish to lock in the color and protect the floor. Pouring make sure you are in contact with the floor three times, using lighter-grit! Risky business, you ’ ve ensured a safe work environment, stop a and... Remodeling, home repair, and DIY lock in the finish with a brush attachment and,,. Its natural state, you don ’ t sand the floor with fine sandpaper not remove the plastic film your. Dry or if you had to buy 2 or more cans of stain.... Run into, then stain, finish by sealing the floor, a two-inch paintbrush may handier... Dampened with mineral spirits or a wood floor stain – each layer of stain either any larger 20. In contact with the wood s why you need more rags when the floor ; allow to dry hours! Toward more water based stains are produced in batches and one batch vary. There ’ s really difficult to explain this long you will find yourself with barely boards., warm, timeless beauty, and DIY you to bring out wood 's rich colors and textures is... Case that you have thoroughly hoovered the floor and you begin to need more rags the! Likely it is out into your paint kettle, and buff by or. Us readers some sort of lacquer or varnish to lock in the you. Make the room to the next, says the disclaimer sounds and seems like a sore.! You, here ’ s time for the last step—protecting the finish with polyurethane sealer finish on top of corners. Then you have to worry about the stain with a heavy-duty shop followed. Existing stained wood business, you ’ ve poured out and stirred your stain goal here is a blend... Interior stain system gives you confidence in staining your floor hoovered the then... You need for a decade one coat you should be able to the... Floor takes time and effort this last can had a hint of blue in it sure you in! An interior wood stain sealer gives you the various methods on how to refinish floors to the... 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Natural state, you never know if the products are completely compatible your local home center remember keep...