Death of Sher Shah Sher Shah Suri was killed a gunpowder explsion while laying the siege to kalinjar fort in … It was Sher Shah Suri, who intervened between Humayun and Akbar, who provided an excellent land revenue system. He has acquired good knowledge of the working of the revenue system as jagirdar of Sehsram, Khawaspur and Tanda. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. He appointed his trustworthy persons as in charge. Sher Shah Suri was the first King of Sur Empire. The course will be helpful for aspirants preparing for RPSC. and the peasant in respect of the land revenue was always put in black and white. describe his Administration and the revenue system. His empire occupied the whole of North India except Assam, Gujarat, Kashmir, and Nepal. This arrangement of Sher Shah was as reasonable as was adopted not by Akbar only but was followed by the British Govt. At the time of Sher Shah Suri to the throne of Delhi. Sher Shah was always very active. Thanks. The course will be helpful for aspirants preparing for RPSC. This arrangement of Sher Shah was as reasonable as was adopted not by Akbar only but was followed by the British Govt. Secondly, it is said that as the land revenue was fixed on the average produce of each bigha of good, average and inferior land, the owner of good land always stood to gain while owners of inferior land was always the loser. He set up a revenue collection system based on the measurement of land. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. Sher Shah Suri’s Rupaiya. He introduced the currency of rupee. Your email address will not be published. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the […] Sher Shah changed the system of assessment of land revenue and also introduced some improvements in the methods of its collection. Coins of Sher Shah Suri The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. Thirdly, it is said that as the convention of land revenue from kind to cash always depended on the Central Government, it always led to delay in the collection of land revenue. Even when Sher Shah led an expedition to the territory of his enemy, he was very particular about it that no harm shall come to the farmers in any way from the excesses of his soldiers. The main sources of income of the state were the land-revenue, unclaimed property, trade-tax, mint, salt-tax, khams, viz. Every peasant was given as written document in which the share of the Govt. It increased or decreased year after year. Here, we … The principal reforms for which Sher Shah is remembered are those connected with revenue administration. His grandfather came to Indiain search of employment in the time of Bahlol Lodhi and joined services in the Punjab. The settlement made between the Govt. Water Conservation: Meaning, Importance, Methods, Ozone Layer Depletion: Meaning, Causes, Effects. Sher Shah pays special attention to the land revenue system, the army and the justice with the help of a capable team. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. Strict orders had been issued to the revenue authorities that leniency might be shown while fixing the land tax, but strictness in the collection thereof should be the inevitable rule. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. and the peasant in respect of the land revenue was always put in black and white. Sher Shah Suri, also know as Sher Khan or the Lion King, was one of the greatest administrators of medieval Indian. At the Battle of Kannauj in 1540 A.D. Sher Shah … The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. He went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. He went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. This is known as ‘Patta’. He also developed the existing revenue system in a way that was convenient to the peasants and profitable to the state. He adopted various means to improve the communication system in India such as roads etc. 10< > • Sher Shah divided the … As a revenue unit, a pargana consists of several mouzas, which are the smallest revenue units, consisting of one or more villages and the surrounding countryside. Sher Shah introduced a number of reforms in the fields of revenue. also. Administration of Sher Shah Suri - Imp.center Shēr Shāh SÅ«rÄ« (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi. Who was defeated by Humayun in 1555 by the battle of Sirhindh. Different types of mixed currencies were in circulation. Sher Shah Suri: As a Man. Several taxes were being collected from merchants, traders & manufacture when Sher Shah came to power. If death had spared him more years, Sher Shah would have certainly won that renown which Akbar got for his land reforms. Revenue Policy Sher Shah Suri's weak successors enabled Humayun to regain the last empire. Firstly, it is pointed out that he could not completely root out the Jagirdari system which had taken deep roots in the Afghan society. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Sher Shah Suri introduced a schedule of rates for land-tax and other taxes and also ordered to undertake an accurate yearly survey of cultivated lands. Each and every peasant was given the option to pay the land-tax either in cash of in kind. and the peasants. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. By killing a tiger alone he got the title ‘Sher’. But we must not forget that Sher Shah had ruled only for five years. Justice was provided to the … The result was that the good land was under charged while The bad land was … Perhaps it is the reason behind the assessment that ‘Sher Shah did not possess the culture and personal charm of a born aristocrat’. treasury, to be on the safe side, so that the collecting officers might not charge them any extra money. According to More land  in certain portions of the empire such as Multan the land tax was however one-fourth of the total produce. Sher Shah introduced a new system of Lr assistance known as the Zabti system. Even when Sher Shah led an expedition to the territory of his enemy, he was very particular about it that no harm shall come to the farmers in any way from the excesses of his soldiers. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. Sher Shah was one of the greatest administrator and rulers of the medieval India. What distinguishes Sher Shah from others is his administration and statesmanship. Sher Shah was always very active. Sher Shah Suri Stamp issued in the 15th century 9. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. His grandfather, Ibrahim Khan Suri and his father Hasan Khan Suri migrated from Afghanistan to India during the reign of Sultan Bahlot Lodi (1451-1489). To save the peasants from being cheated, they were given a written record of their sown area, type of crop and the payable revenue. He aimed at introducing a system of Land Revenue where the cultivator was asked to pay primarily in kind one-third of the expected produce of the crop from the land under cultivation. Early Life of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah was called Farid when he was a child and was born in 1472 A.D. at the age of twenty two Sher Shah fled to Jaunpur which was the center of learning at that time, studied there for three years, acquired knowledge of Arabic and Persian and was able to impress Jalal Khan, the master of his father … According to Abbas Khan, the cars of those soldiers, who disregarded these orders, were cut off. Sher Shah is one among those great personalities of history who had a humble beginning but succeeded in establishing powerful empire simply by his own exertions, merit and power of sword. It was Sher Shah Suri (also known as Sher Shah Sur) who founded Sur dynasty in Hindustan. Revenue system during the reign of Sher Shah Suri was quite an efficient one. treasury, to be on the safe side, so that the collecting officers might not charge them any extra money. Shakeel Anwar Dec 14, 2017 10:54 IST Sher Shah occupied the throne of Delhi for not more than five years, but his reign proved to … Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the […] This is known as ‘Patta’. The revenue policy of Sher Shah Suri made him famous in Indian History. Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. The state demand was fixed as one-third of the gross produce, which was payable either in cash or kind. Silver currency issued by him is known as … During reigns of Shershah Suri and Akbar, the system was that land revenue was collected directly by the officers of the state and could be paid either in cash or in kind, though cash payments were encouraged. Sher Shah’s land revenue reforms, based on wise and humane principles, have unique importance in the administrative history of India; for they served as the model for future agrarian systems. Shēr Shah of SÅ«r, original name FarÄ«d Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic SÅ«r (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. Thirdly, it is said that as the convention of land revenue from kind to cash always depended on the Central Government, it always led to delay in the collection of land revenue. He died in an accidental gunpowder explosion in the fort of Kalinjar on 10th day of Rabi' al-awwal, A.H. 952 or 13 May 1545 AD. The despotism of the highest order could be seen in the politico admin system created In the short span of a 5-year rule (1540-1545), Sher Shah Suri established the foundations of a mounted post or horse courier system, wherein conveyance of letters was also extended to traders. The subjects of Sher Shah used to Kabul (Promise) that they should pay taxes in lieu of Patta. The king kept himself posted with the minutest happening in his kingdom. 9< > Provincial Administration 2 Sher Shah Sarkars Sarkars Pragana Pragana Pragana Villages Villages Villages 10. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. This is the first known record of the Postal system of a kingdom being used for non-State purposes, i.e. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Here, we are giving 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Administration of Sher Shah Suri, which will concretise the readings of the aspirants. Humayun defeated many Afghans but the Afghan Sher Shah Suri proved to be the most formidable enemy of Humayun and in 1539, at the Battle of Chausa, Sher Khan defeated Humayun and assumed the title of Emperor of India under the name Sher Shah. In case of damages compensation was granted to the former by the Govt. Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. The peasants were required to credit the land-tax direct into the Govt. The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. He was born of an Afghan lady, the eldest and perhaps only legitimate wife of his father, who had taken in three more slave girls raised to the status of … Sher Shah was the first Muslim ruler who got the whole of the land measured and fixed the land-tax on it on just and fair principles. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and … This dynasty was founded during the years in which the reign of Humayun was broken and it took Humayun 15 years to re-establish his empire in India. He adopted Hazrat-i-Ala. On he basis of the fertility of soil Lands were divided into three categories Good, Middle and Bad. Shershah was succeeded by his son Islam Shah. The course will be covered in Hindi and the notes will be provided in Hindi. But suitable subsidy was granted to the farmers in the time of drought, famine or floods from the royal treasury. The land of each peasant was measured first in “bighas” and then half of it was fixed as the land tax. All civil and military powers were concentrated in … Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. Learners at any stage of their preparation will be benefited by the course. Strict orders had been issued to the revenue authorities that leniency might be shown while fixing the land tax, but strictness in the collection thereof should be the inevitable rule. He abolished all these taxes & collected only two taxes. Sher Shah, as he was not born in a royal family, had to make his way in life through adversity. Land was surveyed according to a uniform system; the area under cultivation was ascertained for each village. Sher Shah Suri is known for his revenue reforms. His was an enlightened despotism. It increased or decreased year after year. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. Changes in Zamindari System from Mughal to British Era. Sher Shah Suri, in Dizionario di storia, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana, 2010. The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. The land of each peasant was measured first in “bighas” and then half of it was fixed as the land tax. The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. The Ruler Who Changed India. Secondly, it is said that as the land revenue was fixed on the average produce of each bigha of good, average and inferior land, the owner of good land always stood to gain while owners of inferior land was always the loser. There were four ministers and they were in […] II) Sher Shah’s Revenue System Sher Shah’s reputation as an administrative reformer depends larger on his land revenue system which he shaped on the basis of his experience in the jagir of Sasaram (his father’s Jagir). Every peasant was given as written document in which the share of the Govt. The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. Sher Shah’s efficient administrative system largely depended upon his well-organised espionage system. He studied all the course that afflicated them. It increased or decreased year after year. Sher Shah's political system was monarchical. What are the main Waste Disposal Methods? Sher Shah believed that the welfare of the state could be achieved only by looking after the welfare of the peasants. Learners at any stage of their preparation will be benefited by the course. What is Fresh Water and How can we conserve it? The subjects of Sher Shah used to Kabul (Promise) that they should pay taxes in lieu of Patta. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Shakeel Anwar Dec 14, 2017 12:56 IST Engineer’s Day in India: Origin, Significance, Celebrations, Great Kings of Sangama Dynasty of Vijaynagar Empire I Sangama Empire, WHERE THERE IS A WILL THERE IS A WAY ESSAY, Mauryan Administration System (Mauryan Government), Short Paragraph on Importance of Good Health, Top 21 Motivational Quotes About Strength, Sai Baba Teaching’s : Whosoever is destined…. Rai was average of three rates representing good, middle and low yields. The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar state, India.The tomb was built in memory of Emperor Sher Shah Suri, a Pathan from Bihar who defeated the Mughal Empire and founded the Suri Empire in northern India. The king was aided by four important ministers. Sandeep … Sher Shah Suri: Character and Estimate. and the peasants. However, some historians and scholars point out certain defects in the revenue system of Sher Shah. Sher Shah introduced a number of reforms in the fields of revenue. Sher Shah did not introduce the revenue-system of Alauddin blindly. His empire occupied the whole of North India except Assam, Gujarat, Kashmir, and Nepal. During this short period he had not as yet tested his reforms when the cruel clutches of death ended his life. These are as follows. Sher Shah’s efficient administrative system largely depended upon his well-organised espionage system. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. According to More land  in certain portions of the empire such as Multan the land tax was however one-fourth of the total produce. Here, we are giving the summary of the administration of Sher Shah Suri, which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive exams. His original name was Farid Khan. His Revenue system was excellent and hence Akbar’s administrative reforms were modelled after him. The coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri continued to be used by the Mughals, the British and even independent Pakistan Sher Shah had a turbulent childhood. In AD 1522, Farid took service under Babur Khan Lohani (Governer of Bihar), the ruler in Bihar. Communication System During the times of Sher Shah Suri :-Sher Shah Suri was a great reformer and administrator. MERITS OF LAND REVENUE SYSTEM Shershah is known to have made a systematic survey and measurement of the entire cultivable land of his empire using a unit called Sikandari… Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. Administration of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. Also Read: Sher Shah Suri. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the organizer of the Suri Empire in the northern piece of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in cutting edge Bihar. Mention the chief features of the land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah introduced a number of reforms in the fields of revenue. Special orders were issued to soldiers that they should not damage the standing crops in any way. who was Sher shah suri? The nobles were afraid of indulging in activities not conducive to the stability of the rule of the Sultan. Sher Shah Suri Stamp issued in the 15th century 9. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. Sher Shah was particularly perturbed by the activities … The exact date and place of birth of Sher Shah Suri is not known. The revenue system was efficient and concern for peasants genuine. Due to ill-treatment of his step-mother, Sher Khan had to loiter from place-to-place in […] was clearly mentioned so that no unscrupulous officer might cheat the innocent peasant. Therefore, it can be asserted that the Mughal Administrative structure, characterized by both continuity and change, introduced a high level of centralization in their administrative system. Sher Shah Suri original name was Farid. Topics: Land Revenue • Sher Shah Suri. This rai system was later adopted by Akbar. Though his rule lasted for only 5 years, he has organized an excellent administrative system. He also introduced a permanent schedule of rates and laid the state share of the different kinds of crops. Sher Shah saved his country from the ill-effects of the arbitrary land revenue system and he laid the foundation of the policy of co-­operation between the Govt. Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540-1545) He founded the second Afghan dynasty (first Lodi dynasty). - 16915940 The currency system had debased. The course will be covered in Hindi and the notes will be provided in Hindi. Suri Dynasty Sher Shah Suri, was an Afghan leader who took over the Mughal Empire after defeating Humayun in 1540. The well-known ‘Ryatwari System’ which has been in vague till now, was not founded by Akbar but by Sher Shah. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. When he became the emperor of India he tried to introduce this system on a large scale. After the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate in 1398 by the Turkish conqueror Timur, the sultanate was in ruins, and the citizens had lost everything they had. In this course, Prashant Choudhary will provide in-depth knowledge of the Mughal Empire. He is regarded as the forerunner of Akbar. Sher Shah Suri was one of the Greatest Rulers of Medieval India. The nobles were afraid of indulging in activities not conducive to the stability of the rule of the Sultan. for trade … During this short period he had not as yet tested his reforms when the cruel clutches of death ended his life. His was an enlightened despotism. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. If death had spared him more years, Sher Shah would have certainly won that renown which Akbar got for his land reforms. Shah was an Afghan who ruled Agra and Delhi. 4. But suitable subsidy was granted to the farmers in the time of drought, famine or floods from the royal treasury. The corrections done by Akbar in the earlier land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri can be mainly divided into three heads as follows: Standardization of measurement of land Akbar ordered a standardization of measurement unit and the so called Ilahi Gaj (29-32 inches) was made the definite unit of land measurement. He aimed at introducing a system of Land Revenue where the cultivator was asked to pay primarily in kind one-third of the expected produce of the crop from the land under cultivation. It increased or decreased year after year. Though his rule lasted for only 5 years, he has organized an excellent administrative system. But we must not forget that Sher Shah had ruled only for five years. Sher Shah Sur (1486-1545) Sher Shah Sur’s conquests include Bundelkhand, Malwa, Multan, Punjab, and Sind. Firstly, it is pointed out that he could not completely root out the Jagirdari system which had taken deep roots in the Afghan society. (EN) Sher Shah Suri, su Enciclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The share of the government was fixed at one – third Of the average produce of the three kinds of land viz good, middle And bad. ... Land Revenue System. His regulations about the revenue policy are remarkable for an original cast of thought, and faithfully represent the character of a sovereign who loved his people. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the… Read more The king was aided by four … Must Read: The Revenue System under Mughal Administration. The last Sur ruler was Sikkandar Shah Sur. In 1580 using the … The original name of Sher Shah, the lion king, was Farid. Sher Shah was the first Muslim ruler who got the land measured and fixed the amount of the land revenue. 10< > • Sher Shah divided the empire into 47 provinces or sarkars. He fixed the share of the Government at one third of the agricultural produce. (the roads laid by Shershah still run through the country) His short rule of five years was marked by many beneficent reforms in every branch of administration.He provided the next gen rulers a thorough land revenue system. 9< > Provincial Administration 2 Sher Shah Sarkars Sarkars Pragana Pragana Pragana Villages Villages Villages 10. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … Each and every peasant was given the option to pay the land-tax either in cash of in kind. 1. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. Like Babur, the story of Sher Shah Suri’s rise to power is romantic and interesting. However, some historians and scholars point out certain defects in the revenue system of Sher Shah. Rather what he felt correct, he did. He was the first Indian ruler to design a road map for the entire country. Sher shah Introduced some number of reforms in the field of land revenue system… Sher Shah Sur (1486-1545) Sher Shah Sur’s conquests include Bundelkhand, Malwa, Multan, Punjab, and Sind. The peasants were required to credit the land-tax direct into the Govt. There was debasement of the current coins and the … The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. Sher Shah changed the system of assessment of land revenue and also introduced some improvements in the methods of its collection. According to Abbas Khan, the cars of those soldiers, who disregarded these orders, were cut off. 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