One of the main features of the mosques is the placement of the mihrab, the sanctuary qibla pointing in the direction of Mecca. Unfortunately, only parts of that great mosaic still stands today due to four disastrous fires. The construction took 10 years to be completed and cost tens of thousands of dinars. The mosque was destroyed by Timur in 1401, rebuilt by the Arabs, and damaged by fire in 1893. This could be due to the terrain along the river Guadalquivir, to the influence of the Great Mosque of Damascus, Syria; or the location of the Roman Cardo of Córdoba. Some Syrio-Roman fragments remain in the structure, as does a shrine supposedly enclosing a relic honoured by Muslims as well as some Christians as the head of St. John the Baptist. It will always have a great religious, historical and architectural significance. The mosaic depicted picturesque villages, marvelous gardens and lavish rivers portraying the paradise-like nature of Damascus in that era. Description: The Umayyad Mosque was built on the site of the Roman Temple of Jupiter, converted into the Church of St John the Baptist in AD 379. The mosque is an important destination for Christians and Muslims from around the world. the muslim builders of the early mosques may at first seem to have learnt and borrowed everything from rome and persia but at a closer look reveals a quality entirely new and unique to islamic architecture: the mosques are spaces without hierarchy. The temple had an important role in the city for many centuries. Required fields are marked *. The Great Mosque has a small museum annexed to it containing a number of ancient manuscripts. The temple later became a center for the worshipers of Jupiter and was celebrated for its magnitude and beauty. Great Mosque of Damascus, the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between 705 and 715 CE by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid I. The great mosque of Damascus was like the Dome on the rock how? The Great Mosque of Damascus (Umayyad Mosque) is the first monumental work of architecture in Islamic history; the building served as a central gathering point after Mecca to consolidate the Muslims in their faith and conquest to rule the surrounding territories under the Umayyad Caliphate. Updates? A transept with a central octagonal dome, originally wooden, cuts across the aisles at their midpoint. Al-Walid ordered the workers to put the head back under a pillar in the chapel and to construct a tomb decorated with marble for Prophet Yahya. The city has many sacred historical sites left by the ancient cultures that inhabited Damascus, which made the city a UNESCO world heritage site in 1979. Significant Building During Umayyad PeriodGreat mosque of damascus- Syria Dome of the rock- Great Mosque Cordoba-Spain JerusalemAl-aqsa mosque-Jerusalem Al-Hambra palace- Spain 5. Early period. The compact built-up area around the mosque comprises the old city, which stretches to the north and southwest but is limited on the east and west… This website shows the importance and impact it has made on Islam while also providing an in-depth glance at the architecture of the historic building. great mosque of damascus 709-15 AD, syria, easter 2004 interior of the great mosque, containing the shrine of st. john the baptist. The Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, Syria, Early 8th century Click for full size image [+] The Great Umayyad Mosque of Damascus was built by the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I in 706-715 CE on the site of the Byzantine Church of John the Baptist. The mosaics of the Great Mosque of Damascus are, together with those of the Dome of the Rock of Jerusalem, the best preserved examples of this form of art under the Umayyads, but are only a remnant of the entire original decoration, most of which was destroyed by … It was Al-Walid, the sixth Umayyad Caliph, who gave the order in 706 AD to demolish the church and construct a mosque in its place.He brought thousands of Moroccan, Greek, Indian, Coptic, Persian and Byzantine craftsmen to build the great monument.