Guidechem provides Germanium magnesiumfluoride oxide, manganese-doped chemical database query, including CAS registy number 68784-13-4, Germanium magnesiumfluoride oxide, manganese-doped MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet), nature, English name, manufacturer, function/use, molecular weight, density, boiling point, melting point, structural formula, etc. Properties: Germanium has a melting point of 937.4 C, boiling point of 2830 C, specific gravity of 5.323 (25 C), with valences of 2 and 4. Germanium tetrachloride is then hydrolyzed and dried, producing germanium dioxide (GeO2). Germanium can be powdered chlorine or bromine in the combustion. Notable characteristics . It conducts an electric current poorly. Its melting point is 938.25 degrees Celsius, and its boiling point is 2833 degrees Celsius. DeltaH^o - TDeltaS^o = 0 at Equilibrium (i.e., boiling point) and 'T' is the Thermodynamic Boiling Point for the phase transition. Germanium also has the unusual property that (like water) it expands as it freezes. The boiling point is 2830.0 °C. Germanium powder is cast into bars at temperatures over 1720.85 °F (938.25 °C). From DeltaH^o-TDeltaS^o = 0 => Equilibrium Conditions => DeltaH^o = TDeltaS^o => T = (DeltaH^o"/"DeltaS^o") DeltaH^o = sumn*DeltaH^o(Products) - sumn*DeltaH^o(Reactants) DeltaS^o = sumn*S^o(Products) - sumn*"S^o(Reactants) Example: … Germanium(IV) iodide GeI4 structure Molecular Formula GeI4 Average mass 580.258 Da Density Boiling Point Flash Point Molar Refractivity Polarizability Surface Tension Molar Volume Predicted It reacts with water to form hydrofluoric acid and germanium dioxide. Colorless gas with a pungent odor. Germane, Germanium hydride, Germanomethane, Monogermane [Note: Used chiefly for the production of high purity germanium for use in semiconductors.] Geometry of germanium: 3 coordinate: pyramidal Prototypical structure: Element analysis. Ge is a metalloid having a crystal structure similar to that of the diamond. The table shows element percentages for GeSe (germanium selenide). Germanium is a solid at twenty degrees. Atomic Mass 72,61 Learn more about the atomic mass. Uses Widely used in semiconductors. The number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 2 . Germanium and … [Note: Shipped as a compressed gas.] Characteristics: Germanium is a lustrous, hard, gray-white semi-metallic element with a crystalline and brittle structure. But it is brittle and breaks apart rather easily, which metals normally do not do. It has a melting point of 937.4°C (1,719°F) and a boiling point of 2,830°C (5,130°F). It's an element that was predicted by Mendeleev in 1871. Germanium is not known to be toxic. A shiny silver-white metal, crisp, with germanium crystal diamond structure, density 5.35g/cm 3, 937.4 ° C melting point, boiling point of 2830 ° C At room temperature in air more stable under high temperature oxidation can be. It has a bright, shiny, silvery color. Germanium (Ge), a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals.Although germanium was not discovered until 1886 by Clemens Winkler, a German chemist, its existence, properties, and position in the periodic system had been predicted in 1871 by the Russian … Decomposition occurs above 1000 °C. Define germanium. Germanium is a hard, grayish-white element that has a metallic luster and the same crystal structure as diamond.In addition, it is important to note that germanium is a semiconductor, with electrical properties between those of a metal and an insulator.In its pure state, this metalloid is crystalline, brittle and retains its lustre in air at room temperature. In pure form, the element is a grayish-white metalloid. It is a good semiconductor when combined with tiny amounts of … It is crystalline and brittle and retains its luster in air. It is … when heated, carbon undergoes a phase change directly from solid to gas. Germanium and germanium oxide are transparent to the infrared and are used in infrared spectroscopes and other optical equipment, including extremely sensitive infrared detectors. Formula: GeI 4 Hill system formula: Ge 1 I 4 CAS registry number: [13450-95-8] Formula weight: 580.228 Class: iodide Colour: red-orange Appearance: solid Melting point: 144°C Boiling point… Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC): Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 1.12 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42): Boiling Pt (deg C): 482.98 (Adapted Stein & Brown method) Melting Pt (deg C): 188.60 (Mean or Weighted MP) VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 4.24E-009 (Modified Grain … Common Uses The melting point of Ge is around 937 o C, and the boiling point is 2830 o C. We can find Germanium naturally in the earth crust. Germanium tetrachlo ride. It is less abundant than either tin or lead. Boiling point The temperature at which the liquid–gas phase change occurs. Atomic number 32; atomic weight 72.64; melting point 938.3°C; boiling point 2,833°C; specific gravity 5.323 (at 25°C); valence 2, 4. See more Germanium products. Find Boiling point of Germanium (Ge) or Find boiling point of different substance like boiling point of water, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, sodium, aluminum, iron, zinc, helium, silver, gold, mercury, lead, iodine, platinum and many more It is a poor conductor of electricity but has exceptional properties as a semiconductor material and it is in this area where germanium is primarily used. Reaction of GeF 4 with fluoride sources produces GeF 5 − anions with octahedral coordination around Ge atom due to polymerization. Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Germanium fluoride (GeF 2) Germanium dioxide (GeO 2) Germanium hydride (Ge 2 H 6) Germanium tetrachloride (GeCl 4) Interesting facts: In its natural state it is brittle and crystalline. The high index of refraction and dispersion properties of its oxide's have made germanium useful as a component of wide-angle camera lenses and microscope objectives. n. ... as an alloying agent and catalyst, and in certain optical glasses. Find Freezing point of Ge (Germanium) or Find freezing point of different substance like freezing point of water, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, sodium, aluminum, iron, zinc, helium, silver, gold, mercury, lead, iodine, platinum and many more Sublimation The transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through a liquid phase. Note that, these points are associated with the standard atmospheric pressure.. Boiling Point – Saturation. The number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 2. Germanium(4+)tetrac hlorid [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name] Germanium(IV) chlor ide. * Boiling Point Notes: 1. Germanium is stable in air and water and is unaffected by alkalis and acids, with the exception of nitric acid. The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources. Germanium looks like a metal. Germanium tetrafluoride is a noncombustible, strongly fuming gas with a garlic-like odor. Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™. It is hard, brittle and has a grey-white colour. germanium synonyms, germanium pronunciation, germanium translation, English dictionary definition of germanium. It is a semiconductor. Experiments were performed in the organic solvents trioctylamine, squalene, and octacosane, which have boiling points in the temperature range from 380 to 429 °C. Silicon is the second most abundant element in the Earth's crust (28.15%; oxygen is first), while germanium is among the less abundant elements (1.5 × 10 −4 %). Germanium definition, a scarce, metallic, grayish-white element, normally tetravalent, used chiefly in transistors. Chemically similar to tin, germanium is an important semiconductor material. Boiling Point: 3103K 2830 ... Germanium - Ge (EnvironmentalChemistry.com)- Comprehensive information for the element Germanium - Ge is provided by this page including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides … Solid state structure. 2. In thermodynamics, the term saturation defines a condition in which a mixture of vapor and liquid can exist together at a given temperature and pressure. Germanium, a chemical element places between silicon and tin in Group 14 of the periodic table. Germanium Overview Germanium Boiling Point 2830°C Atomic Number 32 Learn more about the atomic number. When working in vacuum one must recognize that even if the work is not at the boiling point for the substance there is ... Germanium Ge 1719 937 Gold Au 1947 1064 Hafnium Hf 4051 2233 Indium In 314 157 Its ores are rare. Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. A hard, grey-white, lustrous and brittle metalloid acts in properties between metals and nonmetals. i.e. The element is mostly distributed in nature, but it’s too reactive to occur free. It is a gray-white metalloid. Ge nanoparticles with sizes from 1 to 15 nm were synthesized by thermal decomposition of the germane precursors trichlorogermane, tetraethylgermane, and tetrabutylgermane. The oxide is then reduced with hydrogen to form germanium metal powder. Melting Point: 1211.4 K Boiling Point: 3093 K Density[kg/m3]: 5323 Molar Volume: 13.63 × 10-6 m3/mol Oxidation State: 4 Protons/Electrons: 32 Crystal Structure: Cubic Face Centered. Tétrachlorure de ge rmanium(4+) [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name] Germane, tetrachlor o-[ACD/Index Name] Germanium chloride. The boiling point quoted is when the vapor pressure of graphite vapor above subliming graphite reaches 1 atmosphere. Germanium and the oxide are transparent to infrared radiation. ... Germanium falls in the same group as carbon and silicon, but also as tin and lead. Germanium itself is classified as a metalloid. Under normal atmospheric conditions, carbon does not melt and then boil when its temperature is raised, it sublimes. Germanium(IV) Chlor ide (Metals Basis) germaniumchloride. A compressed gas. water to form germanium metal powder 1,719°F ) and boiling. Octahedral coordination around ge atom due to polymerization and lead chemically similar to that of the diamond the germane trichlorogermane. Germanium definition, a scarce, metallic, grayish-white element, normally tetravalent, used chiefly in transistors °F 938.25! 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