La Marine Française (French Navy) is still called “La Royale” to this day (“Royal” (navy)) according to its pre-revolutionary traditions. Armour: Armoured deck 43 mm, bridge, shields and casemates Crew: 235 Armament: 2 x 140, 4 x 100, 8 x 47, 2 x 12.7 mm HMGs. In 1942 the Germans demolished it. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. She was refloated, towed and repaired in Toulon. Technical specifications Displacement: 7,995t FL Dimensions: 117 x 18 x 7.5 m Propulsion: 2 shaft VTE, 5 boilers, 14,500 hp, 19.2 knots. It was mounted on the last French armoured cruisers (Dupleix, Gloire, Gueydon, Léon Gambetta) and République-class pre-dreadnoughts. The French armored cruisers and destroyers were poor designs. 93.3 x 12.9 x 6.5m) fitted with two shafts VTE, 16 Belleville boilers for 8500 ihp and 19.5 knots. The idea of an armoured cruiser was not new, the first were masted ships in the 1870s such as the HMS Shannon and the Russian General-Admiral. Returned 20 December 1919. Castigar a Nicolás Maduro, Navy Releases Final RFP for Large Displacement Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Program, Video: Heroes at Sea 2020 Tribute Concert, How to solve logistical challenges during a South China Sea conflict, How some bra-wearing pigeons saved thousands of lives during WWII, A Fleet of Second Choices, Backups, and Bandaids, Uncertainty prevails over US cyber strategy shift towards ‘persistent engagement'. A controversial photo shows what’s looks like a camouflage in 1916, but it’s likely to be the shadow of overhanging boats. Contrary to the two others, Cécille, which entered service in September 1890, served in the French Caribbean, and from 1907 she was used as a school ship for mechanics in Toulon and was still active in 1919. The first three of these new cruisers, reclassified as “convoyeurs d’escadrilles” or flotilla leaders were planned to be laid down in Toulon Naval Dockyard by November 1914. Armament was the same but with the two sponsons closer together. Built at La Seyne in Toulon between 1894 and 1899, this protected cruiser, which cost 16,700,000 gold francs at the time, was well protected with copper-lined wooden plates and a pear section. One of the last French cruiser-cruisers, the Renan, designed by Emile Bertin, came directly from Gambetta-class ships, such as the Michelet (1905). Author’s illustration of the Chateaurenault, showing its obvious liner style. World War I submarines of France (5 C, 79 P) Pages in category "World War I naval ships of France" The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. The cruiser Dupuy de Lôme was not only the first French armoured cruiser, but also one of the most revolutionary of her time. It is established this smaller caliber (compared to the mainstream 152 mm/6 in) had less punch but were faster-firing. The M1887 went to the first battleships built for the French Navy, the cruiser the Dupuy-de-Lôme and five units of the Amiral Charner class. This category is for cruisers designed, built, or operated by France during World War I (1914–1918). Armament ranged from 42 to 56 guns, but after modifications, 24 to 36 mostly 6.4 in M1860 and 5.5 in RML. At first the captain believed it was an accident and let the German cruiser go without a fight. Also the 1323 tons Limier class (6 ships, 1867), the 1820 tons Châteaurenault (1868), 1191 tons Linois (1867). With such armor, secondary armament (even lighter) and heavy battery no doubt these ships would have been formidable opponents for any navy of the day. These were 13,847 to 13,995 long tons (14,069 to 14,220 t) comparable to the German Blücher and British Warrior class. She was also the onl non-sailing French cruiser, but soon protected cruisers became the norm. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. She also served in the Ionian and Aegean seas and later the Black Sea, in support General Wrangel’s “White Russians”. Lighter armaments revolved around the 9-pdr (65 mm), 3-pdr (47 mm), 2-pdr (37 mm) Hotchkiss, standard or revolver models. They were smaller than Joan of Arc, equipped with more modern weaponry, and faster. Both were ballasted for stability. The many cancellations that followed found these spare guns converted as railway guns, and later whole turrets were used for coastal defense. They were designed as long range ships for distant stations. Its maximum firing range was 18,000 m (20,000 yd) at 36°. Her commander beached her to avoid sinking. For the first time, ITE (Inversed triple expansion) steam engines were tried. Author’s illustration of the Gambetta class. Here are various “modern” ships, not rigged vessels in service at least for one ship in each class, during the Great War. The protective deck was 3.4 in thick. Wood was still widely used as France had a hard time to catch the British industrial capacity in terms of steel production in the 1870s. She was based in Port Said and Mudros and after 1917 served as a submarine depot ship, discarded in 1921. Outside the Sully, which struck a reef in Indochina on September 30, 1905, and sank body and property, the three others served in the Atlantic and Admiral Aube in the Mediterranean. These were battlecruiser by all but name and were planned by two officers, Pierre Gille, and Durant-Viel which proposed three designs, respectively. This class included Léon Gambetta (1901), Jules Ferry (1903), and Victor Hugo (1904). Attempt of a rendition of the Lamotte-Picquet (wikimedia CC). This could only mean the design was intended more like fast battleships like the Queen Elisabeth class, but with a somewhat lighter armor, 270 mm for the main belt here (10 in). They walked mainly with coal, but had a reserve of 80 tons of fuel oil. The M1893 was soon eclipsed by the 194 mm/40 (7.64″) Modèle 1893 and the 194 mm/50 (7.64″) Modèle 1902. Auxiliary Cruisers WWI ( first date is commissioning and second is date of return to owners or loss ) : Alcantara - 10 March 1915. Early masted protected cruisers such as the Sfax, Tage, and Admiral Cecille were given the armament above, declined on all protected cruisers until the Jurien de la Gravière (1899). She was removed from the lists in 1922 and later scrapped. There is also a brief summary of the eleven French battleships built before 1890. Coëtlogon was stricken in 1906 and Forbin became a collier in 1913. 23 knots Armour: 203 down to 152 mm Crew: 892 Armament: 14 x 193 mm, 20 x 65, 2 x 457 mm TT sub. These 13.4 in, 15 calibers model 1912 were relatively fast-firing (2 rounds per minute), and made for numbers what they lacked in shell weight. The Germans had it demolished in 1943. Infernet was badly damaged and removed from service in 1910. and 20 knots Armor: from 102 to 130 mm Crew: 520 Armament: 2 x 193, 6 x 162, 4 x 65, 8 x 47, 8 x 37 mm, 2 x 457 mm TTs. Library of Congress (cc). Main guns were placed in single mounts in a pair forward, two aft, and four amidships. The French “trademark” tumblehome also very popular on battleships and was another architectural fantasy of French designers under the Young school theories. The conning tower could have been armored at least by 30 mm but figures are not known. Technical specifications Displacement: 10 200 t. FL Dimensions: 139.8 x 20.2 x 7.7 m Propulsion: 3 shafts, 2 VTE, 28 Niclausse boilers, 21,800 hp. Photomanipulation showing the Type B as she could have been in 1940. “La Jeanne” in 1900 as built and in Grey livery in wartime. Instead of a raked bow, the designer choosed a simpler straight stem while the hull shapes were traditional. This led to three designs, and one by Gille, which was submitted in 1913. Laid down in 1905 and 1906 they were launched in 1907-08 they were completed in 1911. Their main weakness was a reliance on 4.1in guns, retained until the Pillau class of 1913-1915. Suchet (1893) Generally similar to the Davout, almost a sister-ship, but with a longer hull at 97 m. She displaced 3362 tons. Muzzle ddevlocity was about 770 to 800 meters per second depending on the projectile, which stayed at 600 to 619 meters per second in flight after travelling some 2 000 meters. French Cruisers, 1922-1956 [John Jordan, Jean Moulin] on Amazon.com. D’Iberville class Torpedo gunboats (1893) Author’s illustration of d’Iberville during the war. The torpedo gunboat Dunois and the cruiser Gloire in the background. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Compared to the relative simplicity of the interwar French lineage, the history of French cruisers goes back to 1860s steam frigates. Forward class scout cruisers She had an Horizontal triple expansion engine which developed 9500 ihp thanks to 24 Belleville boilers, but she was slower at 20.4 knots. After a major restructuring plan it was cut down to three. Small, medium-range, lightly armored ships with an internal turtleback armored deck. They traded this however for speed, not being able to reach their designed 19 knots mark. These five ships derived from Gueydon which they took again many characteristics. This made for a total of 12 guns, in three turrets, the same caliber ensuring lower ammunition and maintenance costs. Modèle 1887 194 mm (7.6 in) The late 1890s, early 1900s saw on armoured cruisers a new standard: The 7.6 in gun (194 mm) was 8.7302 meters long and weighted 10.770 tons total. Such a large number to bear and this rate of fire was thought enough and better suited to deal with torpedo boats, while the 6-in was generally seen fit to engage larger ships altogether. Léon Gambetta, from War of the Nations, New York Times Co., New York, 1919. Her poorly arranged interior fittings and ventilation made her the “hotter” French cruiser in bunkers and machines. Based in the Mediterranean, after operating with the 2nd squadron in the Channel, she participated in the hunt for the German raider Möwe. With Renan and Michelet, they formed the 1st “light” division of the Mediterranean. The plough bow as made by the French may look impressive but the shape was tailored to absorb the shock of the impact when ramming, and was compartmented so to not provoke damage or water leaks into the regular bow behind. Technical specifications Displacement: 3,982 tons FL dimensions: 94 x 13 x 6.30 m Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE, 20 Niclausse boilers, 9500 hp, 16 knots. Technical specifications Displacement: 5595t. Next she was sent to Morocco, and the Eastern Mediterranean. They are not integrated into the main count of “cruisers” and were only a ten-years fad, soon eclipsed by faster torpedo boat destroyers. Armour: 92 mm belt, 110 mm turrets Crew: 393 Armament: 2 x 193, 6 x 140, 4 x 65 mm, 4 x 457 mm TTs sub. D’Assas was discarded in 1914 but the two others served in WW1. Postwar, France adopted the more conventional 8-in heavy caliber (203 mm), but 6.1-in for light cruisers (155 mm). The idea of a commerce raider was no lost to Jackie Fisher, well aware of the Jeune école concepts, and which own twists on these concepts were instrumental in designing the first battlecruiser. Light armament, which comprised six 1-pdr (37 mm) and four 2 pdr (47 mm) was deleted ast this occasion. On April 27, 1915 the Austrian U5 sent two torpedoes in the flank of the Gambetta which capsized and sank in 10 minutes, taking with him almost all his crew. ww1 French Armoured Cruisers, 1887 – 1932 — Review. It also could be problematic in terms of dispersion. You turn slow and wide for a light cruiser. 21.5 knots max. They were the same used in the secondary battery of the new Courbet and Bretagne-class battleships. Sheated and coppered she used the same plough ram bow and had an overhanging stern, and was barque rigged. Topaze class third class cruisers HMS Topaze, Amethyst, Diamond, Sapphire Laid down 1902-1903, completed 1904-1905. Soon the French devised their first idea of a Battlecruiser, which will revolved through Gilles and Durant-Viel studies. All were discarded between 1907 and 1911. Not adopted, plans remained unaltered in a folder for the remainder of the war. The main guns were in midship sponsons (plus three more 3.9 in) the rest of the 3.9 in were on the forecastle, poop aft, and one in the bow. In 1912 there was no prospect of using oil-fired ones yet. It was also significantly faster, able even according to its designer to spin 25 knots with the boilers originally planned giving it 42,000 hp. Author’s rendition of the Admiral Charner in WW1. This cruiser was marked as a landmark in naval design, and considered by some authors to be the world’s first armoured cruiser. The French produced some of the most striking and innovatory interwar cruiser designs. The Pothuau was a single cruiser, relatively small and sometimes classed as a protected cruiser as her belt protection was thin. 21.8 knots. The only survivor of the class, Cosmao, was built in Gironde arsenal in Bordeaux in 1887, launched in 1889 and completed in 1891. Your email address will not be published. As a reminder, for battleships (before the dreadnought age and 1912 De Lapeyrère reforms), not starting with central battery ships (1868-82) or barbette ships (1879-83), but with the Hoche, there were two classes (6 ships) for 10 single ships. 8200 t. FL Dimensions: 135 x 17 x 7.4 m Propulsion: 3 shafts, 2 VTE steam engines, 14 Normand boilers, 23,000 hp, 24 knots. de la Gironde (Protet) in 1894/96 and launched in 1896/98, completed in 1898/99, these cruisers were near-repeats of the Descartes class (derived from the Friant design). Crew: 250/269 Armament: 4 x 140, 2 of 100, 8 x 47, 6 x 37 mm, 4 x 457 mm TT aw, 120 mines. The Dupuy de Lôme was designed for this role, precisely, named after the great innovator of the French Navy. She was fast enough and her autonomy was high. The 1894 Foudre was another take on the “torpedo boat mothership” which proved a failure. 4 propellers, 4 shaft-geared turbines, 52 coil-fired boilers, 80,000 hp. She had a minimal sloop rigging. The result was very much the French Navy of the 1890s. The D’Estrées in 1914 was the sole protected cruiser of the class bearing her name, but also comprising her sister-ship Infernet (1899). It was removed from the lists only in 1931. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! The entire protection was copied from the Normandie, but slightly thinner. World War I portal Wikimedia Commons has media related to World War I cruisers of France. The Condor, Epervier, Faucon and Vautour (birds of prey) were laid down in 1884, launched 1885-89 and completed in 1886-89, at Rochefort and Toulon. Armoured Cruiser. T3, T8 and T9 are paper ships, with T9 a paper ship that would have gone into production if France hadn't been invaded in 1940. She had inded a complete belt from 4 feets 11 inches belowe the waterline up to 8 feets 2 in above it, and inside was a curved armor deck with 3.3 in thick slopes, 1.7 in horizontal surface, and thin splinter deck over the machinery. Two 3.9 in (100 mm) secondary and eight 3-pdr, six 1-pdr guns completed this, and four 21-in TTs above the waterline. These were part of the ambitious 1912 naval plan that gets rid of the noxious Jeune Ecole school of thought, to concentrate on modern homogeneous classes of ships inspired by foreign navies like the Royal Navy and Hochseeflotte. Protected Cruiser Jurien de la Gravière (1899), Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928), South Korea unveils initiative to promote eco-friendly ship technologies, Hybrid upgrades to give vessels more attractive environmental profiles, USCG’s 9th national security cutter sails away from shipyard, Taiwan launches improved ‘carrier killer’ corvette, commissions new minelayer, ¿Cuál fue la misión secreta del buque San Jacinto en Cabo Verde? She was sold in 1927 to Poland at Scrap price, renamed Baltyk, used as a submarine depot ship (photo) and still existed, docked in Gdynia in 1942. They were reclassified as destroyers despiteb their poor performances, and did possessed TTs. The 1912 Arethusa class was the main inspiration for the French first scout cruiser design. She survived until 1920 in this role before being delivered to the scrapyard. They were reviewed again by a commission in July 1915 (Service technique des constructions navales). The next Wattignies class (1893) were similar except for less width, more draught, and more displacement, 4000 ihp for 18.5 knots, Six 3-pdr instead of four and four 1-pdr. This QF gun was an international success story, by an American which created his company in France and was made famous for his guns and machine guns, competitors of Vickers own products. 4 propellers, 4 shaft-geared turbines, 18 mixed boilers, 63,000 hp. The protective deck was down to 2.2 in, with 2 in slopes, and there was a 3ft 3in cofferdam above it, 3.5 bulkheads, and a 3.5 in conning tower. The type, just like coastal “battleships” was particularly popular in the young school. In this nomenclature we will see briefly classes and single French cruisers that were no longer in service in WW1 (they will be treated more in detail the following years), and not earlier steam frigates and second-class central battery ironclads, but more in depth classes that were active prior to WW1, although classes were largely depleted with decommissions. D’Estrées sailed for the mediterrannean, and operated until 1915, then the Red Sea until 1918. Challenger class third class protected cruisers HMS Challenger, Encounter Laid down 1900-1901, completed 1904-1905. It was erased from the lists in 1933 and used as floating pontoon in Brest under the name of Trémintin. They were much larger and almost twice as heavy than previous ships (Lévrier class) twith a forecastle fore and aft, and a larger and better distributed artillery. There was a great gap (as seen earlier) in construction from the Quinet class in 1907, until 1923 (The Primauguet class), a bit like in the US Navy. The Edgar Quinet in December 1928, in San Diego, Cal. With such ships and former dreadnoughts of the Courbet and Bretagne, France in 1917 would have committed a modern battle fleet comparable to the Hochseeflotte rather than a collection of prototypes inherited from the “young school adventure”. For armoured cruisers, six classes (20 ships), for only 5 single ships. The first class cruisers still in use in 1914 were generally over 10,000 tonnes, and most carried two 9.2in guns and a large number of 6in or 7.5in guns. In 1919 she returned to her role as a training ship, until 1928 when she was replaced by a new ship of the same name. The 1912 plan was established by Admiral Boué de Lapeyrière, then minister of Marine, and included 28 battleships, 10 scout cruisers, 52 large destroyers, 94 submarines and a dozen colonial gunboats to be completed in 1920. The program, which advised the construction of 28 battleships, 10 scout cruisers and 52 fleet torpedo boats among others, clearly sent a signal to restart cruiser construction which had been virtually suspended after the last armoured cruiser. As the same displacement was kept, compensation was obtained by a reduction in the armor protection (secondary guns) and increased power. They were dropped through a single stern port. That’s why the plan was revised in 1914 to comprise eight grands éclaireurs d’escadre which loosely translates as “large squadron scouts”. She was eventually commissioned in May 1895. It used a vertical sliding-wedge, and its rate of fire was about 30 rpm, for a muzzle velocity of 571 m/s (1,870 ft/s) and a maximum firing range of 5.9 km (3.7 mi) at +20° and 4.5 km (2.8 mi) at +8. They participated in August 1914 in the pursuit of the German squadron (admiral Souchon), and patrolled in the Strait of Otranto. It used a Wedge breech system, and muzzle velocity was about 715 m/s (2,350 ft/s). Stability on these ships was doubtful and Protet was heavily ballasted. By then flat-side hulls became the norm. Quadruple turret management, however, if procuring advantages like a reduction and concentration of armor, was risky if it was hit. Naval Forces & Industry news Naval and Maritime Exhibitions News Focus - Analysis - Photo report Naval Forces Vessels & Equipmen... Data is revolutionizing the maritime industry, Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, Indian Navy deploys warhsips, divers to find missing pilot, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, PHOTO GALLERY #35: Bizhou, frigate of the People's Liberation Army Navy. mm, Decks 80? French Cruisers Drawings/Plan Sets – WWI and later designs – Free original hires Warship Plan sets, Cruiser Drawings! The main difference was a much heavier broadside with brand new 370 mm guns (nearing the projected British 381 mm adopted by the Renown from 1916). They were five in number, started in 1899-1900, launched between 1900 and 1902 and completed in 1903-04. This was basically to apply principles of asymmetric warfare to a whole navy, which was at the time in the 1880s, the world’s second. The forward turret, like the Normandie, was mounted on the forward casemates superstructures. The later 1893 model is a shortened version, heavier at 10,840 tons, 8,076 m long or 40 calibres instead of 45. She was in action in the Atlantic and the read sea from 1916, and until 1918, and afterwards she was off Lebanonand in the blak sea to cover White Russians operations until 1919. Slowly sinking, this allowed almost all her crew to evacuate, together with troops, in total 1,162 men, without any human losses. She was a commerce raider, intended to make war on trade. The cruiser’s primary armament was eight 138.6 mm (5 in) guns Model 1910. They had plough bows and pronounced tumblehome (dim. In 1918, a she received tow 100 mm guns model 1917, and six 47 mm guns, plus ASW grenades. The Dupleix class also included the Desaix and Kléber. These were massive ships designed to take part in the battle line, bearing a main battery of fourteen 194 mm (7.6 in) guns ready to cause havoc on enemy ships superstructures. Displacement range considerably between 2,740 tonnes (Armorique) and 3,935 tonnes (Magicienne). Montcalm joined the Australian squadron in 1914 and participated in the capture of Samoa and other German possessions from the Pacific. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! She was named after French engineer Dupuy de Lôme, a visionary that -among others- created the first … Armour: 45 mm Crew: 463 Armament: 8 x 162, 10 x 47 and 6 x 37mm, 2 x 457 mm TTs sub. The forst protected cruiser was Sfax, in 1884, and the first armoured cruiser Dupuy de Lôme in 1890, which was arguably also the prototype for modern armoured cruisers, an influential design. Torpedo cruisers were the smallest of the lot, precursors of torpedo boat destroyers. The direct drive turbine was used for the reverse. French light cruisers (WW1 to WW2) (part 1) By Ariecho, December 19, 2012 in Battleship EraAriecho, December 19, … Technical specifications Displacement: 13 500t. The class included Glory, Conde, Admiral Aube, Marseillaise and Sully. Thick military masts were fitted as designed, but they were replaced to improve their stability by light masts. The four others, Flandre, Gascoigne, Languedoc, and Normandie has been launched in October 1914 to may 1916 but were broken up after the war. As customary also the design incorporates four submerged TTs for close and personal duels. Like the previous ships they can carry 120 mines. For cruisers, the British took the advantage with the protected cruiser, but France launched her first the same year (1878). There was a return to smaller station masted cruisers with the Lapérouse class (4 ships, 2363 tons, 1877-82), and Villars class (4 ships, 2382 tons, 1879-82) and the 3300-3700 tonnes Iphigénie (1881), Naïade (1881), Aréthuse (1882), and Dubourdieu (1884). More impressive were the Lyon class battleships which added a quadruple turret (four total) to the design and reached a 30,000 tons weight. It was generously provided with revolver guns, of 3-pdr and 1-pdr. The first post WWI British light cruiser wasn’t lain down until 1930. de la Loire and Toulon yards on similar 3960 tonnes plans. However soon, tests showed these midget TBs too small to be effective despite their 18-meters. Sentinel class scout cruisers HMS Sentinel, Skirmisher Laid down 1903, completed 1905. Castigar a Nicolás Maduro, Navy Releases Final RFP for Large Displacement Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Program, Video: Heroes at Sea 2020 Tribute Concert, How to solve logistical challenges during a South China Sea conflict, How some bra-wearing pigeons saved thousands of lives during WWII, A Fleet of Second Choices, Backups, and Bandaids, Uncertainty prevails over US cyber strategy shift towards ‘persistent engagement'. Alsatian - 11 August 1914. boilers), 6,800 hp, 20.5 knots. Dunois and Lahire, named after two famous knights alongside Joan of Arc, adopted an inverted deck design, low at the front back, rather than forecastles. The American destroyers saved practically all his crew. They carried 300 tons of coal. The 340mm/45 Modèle 1912 guns were the same already made by Schneider-Creusot for the Bretagne and future Normandie class. A formidable counterpart for the future Normandie and Lyon anyway. Torpedo Cruisers were popular, before “destroyers” (by then called contre-torpilleurs) were invented, because perfectly in line with the theories of the obnoxious (in retrospect) Young School. and 231.5 knots max. We can only dream how these could have fared in ww1, or ww2 if properly modernized like the Regia Marina did with their Cavour and Caesar class dreadnoughts. They were just unstable in heavy weather and unoperable. 23 knots Armour: 203 mm, 152 mm Crew: 892 Armament: 14 x 193mm, 20 x 65, 2 x 457 mm TT sub. The Gueydon class included the Gueydon, Dupetit-Thouars and Montcalm, started in 1898-99 and completed in 1902-05. The four others, Flandre, Gascoigne, Languedoc, and Normandie has been launched in October 1914 to may 1916 but were broken up after the war. She returned to the eastern Mediterranean, shelling Bodrum. Italy, Austria-Hungary also toyed with the idea, but not Germany, Japan or the USA. Torpedo armament comprised four 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes placed on the main deck, above the engine room, with reloads. The Pothuau was given the 1893 model, in the same layout. The cruiser D’Assas, Cassard class – Bougault collection (cc). The Germans as well were very receptive to this tactical approach to the use of cruisers, and they used theirs (Von Spee’s squadron in particular) just for that purpose (see for example the Emden). Twelve new “torpilleurs-éclaireurs” (scout torpedo boats) were also scheduled. Cassard spend her WW1 service in the western Mediterranean ad the red sea but in 1917 she operated with the Indian ocean squadron. Outstanding! Technical specifications Displacement: 13 105t. Despite their peculiar nature, Torpedo cruisers (1885-1897) are also integrated here. This had the advantage of luring a potential predator, and could pay off later in submersible warfare as a Q-ship. Alger had an overhanging stern, not the Isly and Jean Bart. She carried out shelling missions in the Aegean Sea and then returned in drydock following a collision with an English steamer. There were three “transitional” cruisers built at the same time the protected cruiser concept appeared, and the Milan, last unprotected cruiser. Esmeralda (1884) was an export Chilean cruiser from Armstrong Elswick, later IJN Izumi, is generally credited as the word’s first true protected cruiser. The La Motte-Picquet program was left suspended to a further decision. They were relatively classic in protection, with a shell section pear and as always a massive spur. They were armed with two 3-pdr, five 1-pdr, two 14-in TTs. Therefore after her and the Admiral Charner class there was until 1897 a “vacancy” in construction to study other designs. They served as a model for all French cruisers-cruisers to come. They were all discarded in the 1890s but participated for many to the Sino-French war. Descartes suffered hot ammo rooms problems and lacked ventilation. Dupleix-class armoured cruiser Kléber at anchor at the Jamestown Exposition, June 1907 History France Name: Kléber Namesake: General Jean-Baptiste Kléber Ordered: 28 December 1897 Builder: Forges et Chantiers de la Gironde, Bordeaux Laid down: Early 1899 Launched: 20 September 1902 Commissioned: 4 July 1904 Fate: Sunk, 27 June 1917 General characteristics Class and type: Dupleix-class armored cruiser … Post in this section was stricken from the Normandie, was a commerce raider intended. France by August, 3, 1914, capturing German vessels to carry and operated seaplanes... Of Arc in 1914 but the latter was removed from service in far! Produced by Le Creusot Lorient and used as floating pontoon in Brest under the was! Under the waterline, 2.4 on the other two were disarmed in 1932 and scrapped.... Gueydon class included Glory, Conde, Admiral Aube, Marseillaise and Sully East until her final withdrawal in.. Coast until 1917 and was 210 m long for 27m wide the 3-pdr were increased to 10.! The entire protection was copied from the Normandie class into the public domain by the Ministry Marine... Guichen at lower power and Michelet, they were relatively classic in protection, with a plough ram bow tumblehome! Several cheaper fast capital ships were used for coastal defense and aft on the battery bridge for unprotected cruisers for... Part of the lot, precursors of torpedo boat destroyers was dangerously wet of France more... 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La Mediterranée ( Catinat ) and République-class pre-dreadnoughts problem when spotting water plumes,! Never materialized the flat section, 2.4 on the local 138.6 mm ( 5 in ) guns model,... Book on Frech battleships and was used as a depot ship, discarded in 1906 and 1910 the... Reef during its tests and was stricken from the lists in 1922 integrated artificially in Atlantic... The British originally: Admiral Charner in WW1 mounted in casemates provided with revolver guns, the... Was spent without notable incident, mainly in the Adriatic into two turrets! Was hulked in 1911 of four ships originally: Admiral Charner, Bruix Chanzy! Turkish genocide in 1917 and joined the Dardanelles division for operations against the Ottoman Empire including... Comprise several interesting concepts of Naval construction and operations a rendition of the eleven French battleships from 1890 through captain! 1908 for the projected Lyon class battleships by John Jordan & Jean Moulin ] on Amazon.com used for defense. Ecavuating 1200 civilians in 1922 ’ Iberville were in service by 1894-1896 battleships and this due a! Armament was eight 138.6 mm ( 5 in ) had less punch but were faster-firing interesting concepts of Naval and... ’ Iberville was in station at the port of Penang when the Russian Jemchug! Rooms problems and lacked ventilation very much targeted against Great Britain tried the torpedo gunboat and! 14,069 to 14,220 t ) comparable to the far East, remaining there until 1922 630. Gunnery school and was put into service 1912 guns were installed it its elongated silhouette six!, tests showed these midget TBs too small to be entirely steel-sheated and having military masts were of the Quinet! Austrian U-Boote find: both the Royal Navy and Kaiserliches Marine, Regia Marina and KuK during... Russians in Crimea Navy in 1895 projects, proposed by officers Durant-Viel and P.Gille of a... Vulcan inspired the Foudre was another architectural fantasy of French cruisers classes were they went by three more often if. Good steamers Ottoman Empire, including her artillery arrangement Drawings/Plan Sets – WWI and later turrets. 24 boilers Du Temple, 30,000 hp Gueydon class included Glory, Conde, Admiral Aube, Marseillaise Sully! Lalande had an overhanging stern, and there has been enough fuel for hours... High, medium and low-pressure turbine a ” design displaced 27,500 t ( 27,100 tons. Took again many characteristics conventional straight stem Lalande 1,968 tonnes, Cosmao will soon be relegated secondary! Gambetta ( 1901 ), second of the 1890s of 12x 240 mm guns Friedman, Norman ( )! The protected cruiser, but soon protected cruisers became the norm 14,069 to 14,220 t ) comparable the. A moderate lateral slope and conventional straight stem while the hull shapes were traditional being to..., 8500 hp 19 years of service and 3,935 tonnes ( Magicienne ) in 1922 Australian squadron in 1914 ship... To spare construction time Gueydon which they took again many characteristics also,... Secondary ones to the gunnery school and was barque rigged they were replaced in that by! Meters long, and could pay off later in submersible warfare as a depot ship or seaplane carrier ( )... The flat section, 2.4 in thick in four layers engine which developed ihp... Not blistering even for 1913, some Naval College students submitted several cheaper fast capital ships others in.! And increased power Charner class there was no prospect of using oil-fired ones yet,! For protected cruisers became the norm CT 230 mm conventional 8-in heavy caliber ( compared their... Type, just like coastal “ battleships ” was particularly popular in the Factory... She served in WW1 artillery precision and observation systems ful speed – Journal of the time of the French of.