The problem was that Samuel, God’s prophet, had promised to meet Saul there but he hadn’t arrived yet. King: a ruler who answers to no one Lesson Outline Lesson Text Israel wanted a king. "I will not return with you," Samuel replied. David Commands Israel Be Counter. Samuel is wrong about who God’s king will be. 5 And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. Shortly after his confirmation, Saul found himself staring down the Philistine army at Gilgal. Israel was languishing under the despotic rule of Saul, whose reign was coming to an end. Though not without flaws, he was an incredible leader, and a very impressive man. Saul sinned. Yet as Samuel says, Israel demanded a king “when Yahweh your God was your king” (1 Samuel 12:12). 3 He came to the places where the sheep were kept on the way. God, after, all, looks at the heart (see 1 Samuel … Having been born in Bethlehem, David was a member of the tribe of Judah. That is why he did not come to the king's table." In 1 Sam 10:7, Samuel tells Saul to do “as occasion serves him, since God was with him.” In 1 Sam 10:8 Samuel tells Saul to wait seven days. Outward appearance secondary. Bible Answer: First, we will look at the historical event and then look at why God disciplined David. 1 Samuel 15:29 He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie or change his mind; for he is not a man, that he should change his mind. 2 The older son was named Joel and the younger one Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba. saying, 'Please let me go because our clan is holding a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has told me to be there. While David was the youngest son of Jesse, God raised him up, not one of his older brothers, to be king of Israel, proving that God delights in exalting the humble and humbling the exalted. Instead of turning to the Lord, Israel traded Yahweh for an earthly king out of fear of the serpent. They were turning against God himself instead of Samuel. b. Yet here were the seven sons of Jesse and God did not choose any of them. First, the Israelites were using the failure of certain men as an excuse for rejecting the system of government God had ordained. Saul had disqualified himself to rule; God decided on another man: young David. Saul’s family and the northern tribes of Israel refused to accept David as king even though God had chosen him. He consulted a witch and asked her to conjure Samuel up from the dead—another direct violation of God’s Law (1 Samuel 28:1–20). He expects that God’s king will be “tall, dark, and handsome,” so to speak. [I Samuel 15:31-33] 32 Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. Samuel tells the Lord, anointing a new king while the reigning king is still alive is dangerous -- as if God didn't know. So now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me go and see my brothers.' In the New Testament, Ananias expressed his fear to the Lord concerning his mission to commission Saul of Tarsus in Damascus (Acts 9), but God knew the danger. When Saul sinned by making a sacrifice to God that wasn't his to make: Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. It all started when God sent Samuel to anoint a replacement for King Saul. Later, after “their king” fails, God will give Israel “His king” – David. David was young when God chose him to be the next king. Saul, Israel’s first king, did in fact lead them in victory over Nahash (1 Samuel 11). Since Samuel knew God’s word was true he knew there must be another son of Jesse who was not at the sacrificial feast. At that time, however, God set in motion the events that would help make David the King of Israel at just the right time. But God allowed Saul to remain as king for several years, even after He had chosen David to replace him. Saul 's Family. Are all the young men here: Samuel had a problem. David In Saul’s Service (1 Samuel 16:14-23) Say: Now, God did not make David the King of Israel right away. The example of David, the renowned king of Israel for 40 years, is well known, and found in 1 Samuel 16. God told Samuel to listen to the people and give them a king. 1 Samuel 16:3 Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you are to do. 1 Samuel 9:17 When Samuel caught sight of Saul, the Lord said to him, "This is the man I spoke to you about; he will govern my people." "No! Why did God reject Saul as king for offering sacrifices, but not David or Solomon when they offered sacrifices? 13:14, Acts 13:22). 8 When Samuel grew old, he made his sons judges in Israel. they said. (1 Samuel 2:12-17) As a result, God wasn’t able to communicate heart to heart with Eli in the same way he had with others, such as Moses. Analysis. The Israelites not only wanted a king, but a king who would judge them (1 Sam 8:6). He didn’t want to be King to begin with – God forced it on him. These are God’s words of resignation as He grants the people’s request. God sent the Prophet Samuel to a man named Jesse, explaining simply, “I have provided me a king … That means He is in control of all things. Samuel beheads Agag, cuts him in half, and thretens to continue mutilating the body. Even after Saul was killed in battle (1 Samuel 31:6; 2 Samuel 1:4), David grieved over Saul and Jonathan with deep and genuine sorrow. This is a good question, because in Deuteronomy 17 God allows for the people to have a king. For now, though, God would not just turn his people over to another human being, even if he were a king. So Saul said, ‘Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me’ ”(1 Samuel 10:6–9). 3 But they did not follow their father's example; they were interested only in making money, so they accepted bribes and did not decide cases honestly. In between, Saul's behavior is contrasted with that of Jonathan, his son. After Saul was found to be less than perfectly fit as king (1 Samuel 13:14 and 15:11), God told Samuel to anoint David as king (1 Samuel ch.16). The historical event is recorded in both 2 Samuel 24 and 1 Chronicles 21. In 1 Sam 13:8 Samuel was late – Saul waited seven days – then made a sacrifice – to God! Why did God discipline David after telling him to take the census in 2 Samuel 24? 1 Samuel 8:22 "And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. After Saul died, David became king of Judah (2 Samuel 2:4). God told Samuel to warn them of what life with a human king would be like. Saul was rejected as king not specifically because he offered sacrifices, but because he disobeyed a direct command that God had given him through the prophet Samuel. Samuel had told Saul, “Go down ahead of me to Gilgal. God directed Samuel to go to the abode of Jesse, where he would anoint a king from among Jesse's sons. God makes it clear to Samuel that outward appearance is not the criteria for God’s choice of king (1 Samuel 16:7). Saul's decline is matched by David's rise, a theme that will appear in an intermittent fashion throughout 1 Samuel. This seems wrong. According to the scriptures, the elders thought that Samuel was too old and his sons did not have the same walk with God that Samuel had. While far from perfect, he had a passion for spiritual things (Ps. Samuel’s mother had made a promise to bring Samuel to the temple so that he could serve God from his childhood. God spoke a word through the prophet Samuel, declaring David’s destiny. David had a heart after God (1 Sam. God told him of Jesse, I have provided Myself a king among his sons (1 Samuel 16:1). The Israelites did not ask for a king that God would choose, but one that the world would choose. 1 Kings 8:16 Sin grieves God (Gen. 6:6). When did God decide to remove Saul, Israel's first king, and raise up David in his place? When little Samuel arrived at the temple, God was paying close attention. God is sovereign. And the LORD was grieved that he had made Saul king over Israel. So, why did God love this red- headed harp player? David is good looking as it turns out, but this is not the basis for his election by God. 6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God. Saul got a raw deal. Saul ended his life by committing suicide (1 Samuel … Samuel mourned for Saul, and the LORD regretted He had made Saul king over Israel. 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