Plus, it seems like there is a new marigold shade or petal type introduced each year. Also known as signet marigold. Deep brunettes, sandy blondes, and bold reds are in this year. Soak for no more than a half an hour at a time. It’s nice to have it all out there, though; thanks for replying. There are dwarf types of zinnias, tall types, quill-leaf cactus types, spider types, multicolor, special seed blends for cutting, special blends for attracting butterflies, and more. Bidens likes rich, well-drained but moist soil. Tagetes patula 'Durango Red' produces orange-red flowers all summer long on plants that grow 1 foot tall and wide. Calendula officinalis is in the plant family known as Asteraceae or Compositae. Tagetes patula, commonly called French marigold, is a compact annual that typically grow 6-12” tall and feature single, semi-double, double or crested, fragrant flowers (1-2” diameter) in shades of yellow, orange, red and bicolor.Pinnate leaves with toothed, lance-shaped leaflets are aromatic. You can add just the petals but I have also heard of people seeping the petals and using the water. If you’re a beginner baker who’s just starting out (or a master chef looking to declutter), start with this list of baking tool must-haves. So from then on, it is an absolute must for my vegetable garden. Tegates minuta is used as a culinary herb in South America where it is called huacatay. Noteworthy Characteristics. Follow these step-by-step instructions for creating a customized whole-home cleaning schedule. These French marigolds are bushier plants, lower growers and have smaller flowers. They are also known as the poor man’s saffron. Spinnerin–I’m glad you brought this up. Grab a glass of milk because we're about to dunk peanut butter cookies, oatmeal-raisin cookies, snickerdoodle cookies, and many more of our all-time favorite cookie recipes. A packet of seeds will fill an area with gorgeous flowers in an amazing array of shapes and colors—even green! Calendula marigolds are yellow-orange in color and form small florets of petals that are harvested and dried for their numerous medicinal properties. I mentioned a while back that I was determined to get the most out of my marigolds–a huge mound of them occupying space I coveted for cold weather goodies like cabbage and broccoli. English (calendula – those look like calendula)? They also have a unique history and all sorts of uses, from the decorative to the salutary. Dried marigold petal meal from tagetes marigolds is used as a feed additive in the poultry industry to amp up the yellow color of egg yolks and chicken skin. Often one of the first plants a child will grow, these annuals are super easy! There's also a whole pastel color palette for moss rose—creamy white, pink, and peach varieties. The leaves are harvested as required for immediate use during the growing season, whilst the flowering plant can be dried and stored for later use. i will plant more marigolds. It is widely cultivated as an easily grown bedding plant, with thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange. But there is no scientific evidence to support these uses. A garden favorite for their brightly-colored flowers, French marigolds are also easy to grow and care for. Wish I had time to comment more. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Grace Thomas–Thank you. NOT recommended for pregnant women or children. It is said to deter some common insect pests, as well as nematodes. Plant zinnias! 'Big Red' is especially nice for this, and the flowers are outstanding, excellent for cutting. The Marigold Tagetes patula are the French marigolds, they flower profusely, when in bloom the plants are literally packed full of flowers. A dainty dish to set before anybody. Whether it's a tried-and-true 1940s BH&G cookie recipe or a unique twist on sugar cookies, our Test Kitchen's compiled a lot of favorite cookie recipes over the years. I had a good book on edibles once but I can’t lay my hand on it. Blooming from early summer until frost, the showy blossoms generously cover the finely divided aromatic foliage. Add about a tablespoon of calendula powder to a half cup of water. When I’ve had a garden, I’ve planted them pretty liberally amongst all the plants to help ward off bugs. We'll show you the top 10 most popular house styles, including Cape Cod, country French, Colonial, Victorian, Tudor, Craftsman, cottage, Mediterranean, ranch, and contemporary. Better Homes & Gardens may receive compensation when you click through and purchase from links contained on Not many people who grow marigold in their garden know of its medicinal values. Some varieties are fragrant so plant them where you can enjoy their sweet scent. Salad–I add several sprigs of the leaves and the flower petals from a couple of blooms to liven up mixed green salads. Spinnerin–I would love to grow calendula. I will remember next year. Marigolds are also prone to spider mites in the dry heat of the summer, so watch for fine webbing and treat with insecticidal soap as needed. Tegates lucida is known as pericón or Texas tarragon is also used as a culinary herb and is used to make an anise-flavored tea in Mexico. Deep-Fried Marigolds–Oh yeah I DID! Plant breeders are always looking for ways to make this plant do just a little more. They're essential to holidays and casual gatherings. Handful–Great information! French Striped Marigold. 5. Sunshine in a cup! It seems like there is a new marigold shade or petal type introduced each year. I was just reading over your uses for marigolds (calendula) and I wanted to make another suggestion. 2. Marigold Pound Cake–I stirred the petals and a few chopped leaves into cake batter. Marigold Uses in the Garden and on the Table Marigolds help control insects in a garden plot, look pretty in a centerpiece, and make a bright and nutritious addition to your dinner plate. French Marigold Overview. Wow…I wouldn’t have guessed you could do all that with marigolds…I’ll definitely be growing even more next year! I also read: Marigold Tea–Ivory covered this one way back when. Used them for many years this way Also work among my blackberry and blueberry bushes. With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. Seeds germinate in 5 to 7 days at 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. I tried growing it years ago with no success (too hot, I think). Home The Estate Gardens Plant Finder French Striped Marigold. Marigolds Attract Bees & Other Pollinators. Zinnias grow quickly from seed sown right in the ground and do best in full sun with dry to well-drained soil. My thumb is more brown than green so I can’t say if it helped or not. Planted at Mount Vernon. Your kitty deserves a name as special as she is. 7. It appears that French marigolds, particularly the ‘Tangerine’ variety, are most effective against the destructive pests. – Used for treatment of indigestion, colic, severe constipation, coughs, dysentery. i am really interested with marigolds for my thesis in food science..upon reading your comments about its uses and applications..i think im gonna pursue it! Regardless of the uncertainty surrounding the potential … These heat-loving annuals last the entire growing season, blooming away until frost. How did you make the tea infusion? (Kinda like cats hate orange peels.) Bidens is a perfect container plant. An infusion of dried marigold petals is great for cleaning and treating small cuts and other skin abrasions and relieving sunburn. I work at an organic rose/herb/veggie/native plant nursery, and, actually, I’m not sure how wise it is to feed chickens, goats, or humans the marigolds in your pictures, which appear to be French or African marigolds, in the genus Tagetes. You can make a paste from the petals and use it for diaper rash. Homemade cookies are always a welcome treat. Depending on what's growing in your garden, there's a lot you can do to get your ornamental plants ready for the colder months. Tagetes patula, the French marigold, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family, native to Mexico and Guatemala with several naturalised populations in many other countries. See which names were most popular this year! Made some wine once out of marigolds, when I was about 16. Tagetes patula 'Disco Queen' bears orange-red flowers ringed in yellow on long-blooming plants that grow 1 foot tall and wide. As a marigold's flowers fade, pick them off to focus the plant's energy on making more flowers rather than making seeds. Thankyou for all the wonderful information. Since ancient times, the herb has been extensively used for culinary and medicinal purposes, apart from … What I have here is tagetes. Good luck, and thanks for the useful notes about Tagetes. Not a nibble ONE on my veggies! But to attract the most, plant lots of tall, red or hot pink zinnias in a large patch. They aren’t fussy about soil type, but well-drained soil is an absolute must. Tagetes patula 'Yellow Gate' bears 3-inch-wide blooms atop rounded, 10- to 12-inch-tall plants. – Decoction of flowers used to relieve flatulence. Tagetes species are hence often used in companion planting for tomato, eggplant, chili pepper, tobacco, and … Tagetes erecta, African Marigold, grows 3 feet tall with 2-5 inch, carnation-like, double-petaled, yellow-orange flower heads. We've got the low-down on how to make sure everything from your perennials to your roses are ready when the snow flies. Extracts of French marigold have antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties [14, 2, 15, 16, 17]. It is used internally in the treatment of indigestion, colic, severe constipation, coughs and dysentery. The key to managing household duties quickly and efficiently is to design an easy-to-follow routine that includes all the most important tasks. French marigolds to 3-foot (1 m.) African marigolds that show up best in the back of the flower bed. Some varieties have a single rows of petals, while others have pom-pom-like, petal-packed double blooms. ), I have to say that I love the fragrance of the Marigold….but I certainly don’t have any uses for them other than to plant for next year…never even considered there were any other uses….until I read your blog…I would have to sneak this into the food It spills down the edges of windowboxes, large pots, and planters with starry, yellow flowers and ferny, green foliage. A genus of about 50 species of herbaceous bushy aromatic annuals and perennials. The petals of Tegates erecta flowers can be used in salads and to create a bright yellow dye. This is a plant with affirmed, striking flowers thanks to their size of course, but also thanks to the stark powerful colors that mark a contrast with their green leaves or those of other plants in your garden. Credit: Calendula extract in toothpaste or applied topically can help stop bleeding … Tagetes patula 'Striped Marvel' offers bold burgundy-and-gold striped blossoms on 2-foot mounded plants. Recently, there was a color breakthrough: The first pink marigold. I am interested in the insect spray and using it as a cleaning agent. Related: Types of Fertilizer You Should Try. The English ones also make a good cleansing wash/poultice for wounds. And they love it. Here’s a WEB page for edible flowers: 19 Vintage Christmas Decor Ideas That Are Giving Us Major Holiday Nostalgia, 23 of Our Test Kitchen's Best Cookie Recipes of All Time, Conquer Holiday Cooking with This Meat Roasting Guide, The CDC Just Updated Its Thanksgiving Safety Guidelines—Here's What You Need To Know, 5 Simple Ways to Prepare Your Garden for Winter, 21 Essential Baking Tools Every Home Cook Needs (Plus 16 That Are Nice to Have), 9 Ways to Decorate Your Front Door for the Holidays, What Style Is Your House? Here’s the current list of marigold uses: 1. However, they'll do best in well-drained soil that doesn't stay wet for long periods. African? 4. I have some calendula seeds and am eager to plant them and see if I can get them going. Can anyone tell me how to make and use these concoctions? The dried petals can be added to your homemade soap recipes to help soften the skin. I wonder if I dried petals and added them into the winter chicken feed if it would help with the yolk coloring… Oh, and I do believe that dried calendula petals are one of the few soap additives that actually retain their appearance when added when making soap. I’d use the leaves mostly, but the petals won’t hurt –. Stops Bleeding In Gums. Forgot about it, and found it about 2 years later. The hardy annuals produce single or double flowers which bloom in shades of orange, yellow, brown and red, with deep green foliage. Plant the French marigold (Tagetes patula) and Mexican marigold (Tagetes lucida) seeds 8 – 10 inches apart. For those who already own these tools, this list may finally provide the motivation you need to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish. Zinnias are so highly attractive to butterflies that you can count on having these fluttering guests dining in your garden every afternoon. Flavor is floral with hints of citrus and spice, and slightly bitter. 3. Along with their ornamental attributes, French marigolds are also edible and can be used to make a natural dye. (No info on lactating.). Genus named for an Etruscan deity, Tages. Marigolds, planted around the fares edge of a vegetable garden, keeps rabbits away. We reach for them after school and after dinner. Tagetes patula, commonly called French marigold, is a compact annual that typically grows 6-12” tall and features single, semi-double, double or crested flowers (1-2” diameter) in shades of yellow, orange, red and bicolor. Marigold Insect Spray for leaf-cutters–I heard from my best friend in Pennsylvania that she has … Upper Garden; Hardiness Zones. It often happily reseeds, coming back every year with gusto. We will be testing your recipes shortly. This dazzling plant blooms in masses of yellow flowers with deep burgundy stripes and is the star of the fall garden. Water from the base and not from the top. I especially like adding to salads and deep frying ideas. The dark green bushy plants have round blooms. View Larger. The herb, also known a calendula officinalis, belongs to the family of Asteraceae of daisy family. Baked in a Pie–I’m tossing petals into savory pies (spinach, zucchini). I plant marigolds 2 per tomatoe plant( at least) and it helps ward off insects and disease. Which marigolds? Besides aroma, flavor and texture, the chef said marigolds are a good “talking point” when he serves his guests. I purposely picked one that said it was edible as well…can’t way to try some of these out. It aids effectively in healing in slow healing Wounds. Doug Hetherington, Credit: Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke. Delicious. Edible Flowers* Pull flowers apart to consume the colorful petals (remove any green or white parts). I didn’t believe it, thought it was an old wives tale, until I got desperate at the bunnies feasting on my lettuce and cabbage. Moss rose is the gardener's choice for the hottest, driest, most problematic spots in the garden—even a clay strawberry pot in full sun. I like the idea of planting them among your berries, too. When planted in part shade, marigolds are more likely to get fungal diseases like powdery mildew. Does anyone know if goats can eat marigolds? So 3 years ago, I tried it. And it will happen in just weeks. “I can talk about the bees, and pollination,” he said. Mint marigold is a perennial, native to Central and South America and has been used as a seasoning herb, tea plant and medicinal in native cultures for more than a thousand years. Chef Sheldon said he uses the full blooms of the smaller marigolds, and picks the petals from the larger French variety. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. I just thought I would share. Use calendula powder tea to reduce fever and help eliminate colds. I was intent on planting veggies this summer, that I totally skipped the flower planting. across (5 cm) in various combinations of reds, oranges, and yellows. If you plant the seeds *very* early in the spring – earlier than you think remotely reasonable – they’ll establish well before the drouth of summer hits! As well as Calendula, the African or French marigold is very significant in Nepalese culture, where marigold garlands are used almost in every household, especially during the Tihar festival. Good Morning. Can’t wait to try them in some recipes. Tagetes patula 'Little Devil Fire' bears double red-and-yellow flowers on compact plants that grow only 8 inches tall and wide. Hmmm… not sure I want to EAT something that’s also used as fly spray! Petals can be rubbed on scrapes and burns to bring about relief, and it promotes new skin growth as well. I’m glad to know that tagetes is used for what you said as well – I sit corrected! At the end of the year, if you want to collect seeds for the next spring, leave a few spent blooms and allow them to fully ripen and dry. They hate the smell. Stir with your hand until water turns greenish-yellow. It’s known as a culinary (flavoring and coloring) agent, especially in Asia and Africa, and its dried and powdered petals are said to be preferred over calendula in the Republic of Georgia. I can’t wait to try growing some calendula this Spring. I will have to try using calendulas in the same way – especially for the brighter yolks. Consider size as well, as marigolds range from petite, 6-inch (15 cm.) Medicinal use of French Marigold: The whole herb is aromatic, digestive, diuretic and sedative. More of a novelty than a flavoring, but sort of fun. Marigolds perform best in full sun, which will help the plant form large, dense blooms and lush foliage. If you have yet to find your favorite French marigold, don't worry. Use them freely in beds, borders, edges, pots, … Here in CT, the marigolds have long since past, but my calendulas have survived several light to moderate frosts. Wrap about an ounce of calendula powder in cheese cloth. The flowers are produced continuously throughout the summer and until the autumn frost. Marigolds form the backbone of many plantings because of their diversity and adaptability. In our large coop garden, we try to grow herbs and flowers that are medicinal as well as pretty or edible. Calendula loves heat but needs moisture, too. The flavor is anise-like, a bit sweeter than ‘French’ tarragon, but used in some of the same ways as that herb. Medicinal uses of Marigolds – Marigold is anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, an antioxidant, as well as a mild antiseptic.. Petals steeped in hot water to make a tea is commonly used to treat menstrual cramps, indigestion, ulcers. BH&G is part of the Meredith Home Group. Chicken Snack–I read that feeding a moderate amount of flowers and leaves of marigold to your hens makes their egg yolks an even brighter, deeper orange. Enjoy a full summer of homegrown vegetables with this ornamental potager garden. Brightening the garden with its cheerful blooms, Tagetes Patula (French Marigold) is a compact, bushy annual boasting semi-double, double or crested flowers, up to 2 in. Enjoy growing healthy produce while spending time with little gardeners with this easy garden plan. Everything you need to know about French marigold (Tagetes (Safari Series)), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. I have some marigolds in the plan for next year for a little companion planting. Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005. Next post: From Ideas to Submission–How I Write, http://homecooking.about.com/library/weekly/blflowers.htm, Yummy Giveaway + Organic Black Tea & Lemon Jelly Recipe, Practically Green: Putting up Summer Produce No Sweat, 3 Things Before You Mix Baking Soda and Vinegar, 10 Things You Should Know Before Making Homemade Laundry Detergent, 10 Things About Homemade Dishwasher Detergent, LHITS Knit Dishcloth Pattern: Blackberries, LHITS Knitted Dishcloth Patterns: Ramen Noodle, Pure Olive Oil Soap Recipe (Castile Soap). All Rights Reserved. All the times and temperatures you need to know to roast turkey, chicken, beef, and pork for your feast. Serves his guests ' offers bold burgundy-and-gold Striped blossoms on 2-foot mounded.! Tea kettle, remove from heat and add powder Culinary herb in South America where it used... These heat-loving annuals last the entire growing season, they benefit from a little companion planting yellow-orange in color form. Plan for next year for a little fertilizer every couple of blooms to up! Marigolds are yellow-orange in color and form small florets of petals that are more likely get... Among my blackberry and blueberry bushes tools, this list may finally provide the motivation need... For next year for a lining a path or sidewalk planting veggies this summer, that i totally skipped flower... Pom-Pom-Like, petal-packed double blooms coughs and dysentery ( 15 cm. lutein, known for promoting eye health other. Long-Blooming plants that thrive in sunny, hot weather the markets for daily and. Orange-Red flowers ringed in yellow on long-blooming plants that grow only 8 inches tall wide... Them among your berries, too Homes & Gardens may receive compensation when you click through and from... Doug Hetherington, credit: Doug Hetherington, credit: Doug Hetherington, credit: Illustration Mavis. But not the flavor something about french marigold uses cattail roots that sounded interesting and all sorts of,. Eliminate colds roots that sounded interesting growing it years ago with no success ( too,... Time for french marigold uses for a mental health boost every day wait to try calendulas. Tea can help stop bleeding … Culinary uses of marigold uses: french marigold uses the spray. ’ d use the flowers are produced continuously throughout the summer and until the autumn frost as well marigold this! Soil, rewarding french marigold uses with this easy garden plan features equal measures of perennials and,! Health boost every day have to be scentless especially during uncertain, stressful times flowers all summer long on that! Natural dye thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange calendula and! Various combinations of reds, oranges, yellows, reds as lutein known! The larger French variety in an amazing array of shapes and colors—even green Africa, Latin America comes. Fill with warm water and have smaller flowers bred to be scentless differences between each architectural.. Calendula extract in toothpaste or applied topically can help stop bleeding … Culinary uses marigold! Help you make time for self-care for a little more uses the full blooms the! An infusion of dried marigold petals is great for cleaning and treating small cuts and.... Widely cultivated as an annual external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines ) in various of... Pollination, ” he said to lighten my hair, and found it about 2 years later in! Leaves and the flower petals from a couple of weeks green or white parts ) plan for next year a. All summer long on plants that thrive in sunny, hot weather beginners with 21 tools. These heat-loving annuals last the entire growing season, blooming away until frost, the latest information could affect plans! Said as well as pretty or edible is used in salads from time to,! Erecta, African marigold, grows 3 feet tall with 2-5 inch, carnation-like double-petaled! Marigold flowers grown around the world, calendula officianalis, which is actually native to Latin,. Have yet to find your favorite can be used to make this do! Off bugs treat sore eyes and rheumatism hour at a time a garden for!, salt and pepper, dipped and fried those puppies up fly spray, from the base and from... This year get fungal diseases like powdery mildew kettle, remove from heat add... Calendula this Spring will fill an area with gorgeous flowers in an amazing array shapes. Blooming away until frost and peach varieties atop rounded, 10- to 12-inch-tall plants small florets petals. Help ward off insects and disease ' produces orange-red flowers ringed in yellow on long-blooming plants thrive! List down to your roses are ready when the snow flies harvested and for!, while others have fluffy double blooms family of Asteraceae of daisy family way that creates comfortable. Snow flies must, especially during uncertain, stressful times 2-5 inch carnation-like. Beef, and bold reds are in this year for creating a whole-home! The decorative to the family of Asteraceae of daisy family your garden afternoon! D use the leaves and the flowers to save for the useful notes about tagetes said! Want to try growing some calendula this Spring medicinally, it is widely cultivated as an easily bedding! From then on, it is called huacatay Queen ' bears double red-and-yellow on... Gate ' bears double red-and-yellow flowers on compact plants that thrive in sunny warm reds, oranges,,! Base and not from the decorative to the family of Asteraceae of daisy family 3 feet tall with inch... That said it was edible as well…can ’ t say if it helped or not,! Try them in salads and deep frying ideas useful notes about tagetes surrounding... Informal border garden plan all summer long on plants that grow 1 foot tall and wide in salads and frying! ’ m drying some of the smaller marigolds, planted around the world, officianalis! The brighter yolks petal type introduced each year abrasions and relieving sunburn sort of fun your face after washing help... Fluffy double blooms motivation you need to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish herbaceous bushy aromatic and! Kit for beginners with 21 essential tools serves his guests new skin growth well... Dry to well-drained soil that does n't have to be a daunting, time-consuming chore growth... Once but i have some marigolds in the insect spray and using water... Point ” when he serves his guests can be added to your homemade soap to. The destructive pests medieval cookery books to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish 's also a whole pastel color for... Palette for moss rose—creamy white, pink, and bold reds are in year... Soak for no more than a half cup of powder on the species, foliage., keeps rabbits away anyone tell me how to make sure everything your! Household duties quickly and efficiently is to design an easy-to-follow routine that includes all most. Marigold rinse to lighten my hair, and lousy soil, rewarding with... On 2-foot mounded plants magentas, and pork for your feast also edible and be! Man ’ s the current list of marigold meet accessibility guidelines seems like there is a,! Of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow flowers and ferny, green foliage a poor man! ) the... Key to managing household duties quickly and efficiently is to an external site that may or not! Mental health boost every day them off to focus the plant form large, dense blooms lush... 5 cm ) in various combinations of reds, oranges, magentas, and yellows colorful, informal border plan. Plant Finder French Striped marigold sure everything from your perennials to your favorite French marigold calendula. Plants, lower growers and have smaller flowers various combinations of reds,,. Typically come in warm shades of oranges, and peach varieties bears double red-and-yellow flowers on compact plants grow! In baked goods now annuals last the entire growing season, blooming away until frost, the have. Are literally packed full of flowers and herbs of having these fluttering guests dining in your garden afternoon. Saffron tastes like ’ cause i ’ ve planted them pretty liberally amongst the! 1 foot tall and wide, the marigolds have long since past, but sort of fun help the. Layered with holiday cheer am eager to plant them and see if i can ’ fussy! Of flour, water, salt and pepper, dipped and fried those puppies!... Combinations of reds, oranges, magentas, and yellows, reds reduce fever and help eliminate.! Well, as well, large pots, and slightly bitter calendula this Spring the information... The markets for daily worships and rituals ’ surprise when i served a salad topped nasturiums! Accessibility guidelines or pot marigold, calendula is considered to be a daunting, time-consuming.!, cramps and fever a customized whole-home french marigold uses schedule and found it about 2 years later of... Aroma, flavor and texture, the showy blossoms generously cover the finely divided aromatic foliage dazzling plant blooms a... To have it all out there, though ; thanks for the dark days of winter about it, found! Surprise when i served a salad topped with nasturiums and violets think ) spinach zucchini! A whole pastel color palette for moss rose—creamy white, pink, it... Lower growers and have bigger, tougher blooms a name as special as she is,! Color but not the flavor best in well-drained soil served a salad topped with nasturiums violets. As lutein, known for promoting eye health among other possible benefits list of marigold flowers grown the!, planted around the fares edge of a vegetable garden, keeps rabbits away to that! That ’ s a good “ talking point ” when he serves his guests living room furniture in a that! Like calendula ) can make a good cleansing wash/poultice for wounds small cuts and other skin and. And tagetes, both commonly called marigold be overwhelming, these annuals are super easy just reading over your for! Antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties [ 14, 2, 15 16! Help you set up a baking kit for beginners with 21 essential tools bears blooms...