Last one was Shah Alam who was happy to retire in peace after giving his authority to rule to Bahlol Khan Lodhi, the first Pathan sultan of Delhi. Founded by Khizr Khan a former governor of Multan, they succeeded the Tughlaq dynasty and ruled the sultanate until they were displaced by the Lodi dynasty. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Sayyid dynasty was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, with four rulers ruling from 1414 to 1451. THE SAYYID DYNASTY (1414-1450) After Mahmud Tughlaq, Delhi remained without a kin two years. He founded the rule of the Lodhi dynasty by usurping the throne from the last of the Sayyid rulers. Sayyid Dynasty. The Sayyid dynasty was the fourth dy­nasty of the Delhi Sul­tanate, with four rulers rul­ing from 1414 to 1451. For the next 50 years, north India was virtually divided between a number of military chiefs, the strongest of whom were the Sharqī sultans of Jaunpur. He rules delhi from 1414 to 1421 AD. Founded by Khizr Khan a for­mer gov­er­nor of Mul­tan, they suc­ceeded the Tugh­laq dy­nasty and ruled the sul­tanate until they were dis­placed by the Lodi dy­nasty. Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1414), the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451–1526). Main article: Bahlul Lodhi. As a mark of recognition to his dedication, the name of Mongol ruler Shah Rukh (the fourth son of Timur lane) was suffixed to his name. The Tughlaq Dynasty ruled the Delhi Sultanate for 94 years, from 1320 to 1414. The architecture of the tomb building of the three rulers Mubarak Sayyid, Muhammed Sayyid and Sikandar Lodi are identical, the only exception is the crown of the dome of Mubarak Sayyid which is four feet lower than the other two tombs. •He brought parts of Surat, Dilapur, and Punjab under his control. Third from the Five Dynasty Rules is Tughlak Dynasty founded by Ghaisud din Tughliq in the year 1320A.D. Delhi Sultanate under Sayyid Dynasty . This family claimed to be sayyids, or descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. The four rulers dynasty neither assumed the title of … He founded the Lodhi dynasty. In this brief period of his ruling it can be said that Khizir Khanwas an able administrator and was not in favour of blood shed. The rulers of the Syed dynasty were following-Khizr Khan (1414-1421 AD) – He was a strong and brave ruler. THE SAYYID DYNASTY (1414-1450) After Mahmud Tughlaq, Delhi remained without a kin two years. His war campaigns had several setbacks and in1443 one of the annoyed former Minister Sarvar-ul-Mulk, plotted to kill him with the help of other Hindu courtiers. The four rulers dynasty neither assumed the title of sultan nor struck in their names. Jauna Khan succeeded his father in AD 1325 under the title of Muhammad- bin-Tughlaq. After his death Sikander Shah Ghazi Lodhi took control and ruled till 1517. It was the last dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. He rules delhi from 1414 to 1421 AD. Saiyyid Dynasty. 3. Khizr Khan was a Sayyid ane dynasty is called the Sayyid dynasty. Then Khizr Khan, the viceroy of Timur, aSSl the throne in 1414. Thus began the rule of the Lodis. It was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. Dynasty was succeeded by the Khilji (or Khalji) dynasty, the second dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. Khizr Khan, who founded the Sayyid Dynasty and took over as the first ruler in 1414, originally did not take the title of sultan and continued to be Rayat-i-Ala or Vassal (feudatory with mutual obligation to the ruler in exchange for certain privileges) of Timurdis. This article briefly covers all the rulers of the Sayyid Dynasty and Lodi Dynasty. 2. The Sayyid dynasty was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate from 1414 to 1451. Dynasty lasted from 1206 to 1290. Takhrikh-i-MubarakShahi by Yahya Sirhindi states that Khizr Khan was a descendant of the Prophet of Islam. He could not control and check the internal-rebellion among the nobles in the court and eventually his authority of rule was just a meager area of around 30 miles while the rest of the Sultanate was ruled by the nobles. It’s reign started in 1414 and continued till 1451. At this time Timur’s deputy in India and the Governor of Multan, Khizr Khan marched to Delhi and defeated Daulat Khan, the military head and occupied the throne. Khizrakha established the Syed dynasty after the Tughlaq dynasty and ruled till the defeat of the Lodi dynasty. After him, the Thuglaq dynasty began to wane. Confusion was prevailing in India after the last Tughlaq, Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughlaq died. There were four rulers. Their rule lasted from 1414 to 1451.Founded by a former governor of Multan. It was the third and the longest-reigning dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. Khizr khan was the first ruler of Sayyid dynasty. It lasted till 1451. Muhammad Shah raised him to the status of an Tarun-Bin-Sultan. While he was successful in Bhatinda and the Doab, the Khokhars of Punjab could not be suppressed. The Sayyid dynasty had four basic rulers. The first Lodī ruler was Bahlūl Lodī (reigned 1451–89), the most powerful of the Punjab chiefs, who replaced the last king of the Sayyid dynasty in 1451. 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This dynasty succeeded the Tughlaq dynasty. The Sayyid dynasty was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, with four rulers ruling from 1414 to 1451. Sayyid Dynasty was founded by Khizr Khan in 1414 A.D, and the rule of this dynasty ended when Ala-ud-din Shah was the ruler. …were held by Khizr Khan Sayyid for Timur (and later for himself). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Sayyid-dynasty, ILoveIndia.com - Biography of Sayyid Dynasty. It was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. This dynasty was founded by Khizr Khan, who was appointed by the Governor of Multan (Punjab region) by Timur. To collect revenue and keep anarchy in check, he adopted the practice of invading his fiefdoms using coercion tactics. The Sayeed Dynasty (1414-1451 A.D.): The Sayeed Dynasty ruled for about 37 years. Omissions? Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1414), the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451–1526). There were four rulers. The Sayyid Dynasty was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. The history of the Sayyid dynasty is not clearly known but they claimed to be the descendants of Prophet Mohammed. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). •He took advantage of the disordered situation in India after Timur’s invasion. The last ruler of the dynasty was Alavuddin Alam Shah, who was defeated by Bahalul Lodhi. This dynasty had four rulers in all – Khizar Khan, Mubarak, Muhammad Shah, Alam Shah who ruled for 37 years from 1414 to 1451 A.D. Khizr Khan (1414-21) Khizr Khan, the founder of the Sayyid dynasty, ruled for seven years (1414-21). Then Khizr Khan, the viceroy of Timur, aSSl the throne in 1414. 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