Those principles are; 1. In speaking skill, in the beginning when the teacher uses a tape recorder as an audio instrument and the students build their own sentences and utterances, the process can only go well if the students have certainknowledge about the structure and vocabulary of the target language.The recording process can create difficulties to those who are not familiar to it and may waste valuable time in doing it.The evaluation test to see the progress that students have may be more complicated to be done than in ordinary classroom that does not use this method. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Learners Community language learning is a language-teaching approach in which students work together to develop what aspects of a language they would like to learn. SS are invited to talk about how they felt during the conversation ; 7. In this case, CLT will be used in the eleventh grade students of senior high school. Student Roles Taken from Carl Rodger’s approach (1950). The lesson is presented in their native language. These statements are not a finite or fixed list, but are intended to evolve and continue to grow as new topics emerge and to reflect new realities in the diversity of learners and learning situations. Students become spoiled because it provides subtitle while listening. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The Principles of The Total Physical Response Method. This method can be used to teach speaking and listening skill. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The point of the information may be missing if students don’t deliver the information well. Community Language Learning arose after a shift in thinking surrounding a more student-centered approach that put the focus on the learner, instead of the teacher (Brown & Lee, 2015). Students are given a self-assessment questionnaire to fill in by Ticking √ what’s true for them in order to get a lesson feedback as well.Students view a video clip with a relevant song, entitled ‘Follow Directions’; they sing following the lyrics in the subtitles and dance together. No public clipboards found for this slide, Community Language Learning , the principles. Community Language Learning (CLL) is a teaching method developed in the 1970s in the USA by Jesuit priest, psychologist and educator Charles Curran. Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is a set of principles about teaching including recommendations about method and syllabuswhere the focus is on meaningful communication not structure, use not usage. While the strengths in listening skill are allow students to listen and see directly if what they’ve listened is correct or not because the video provides the subtitles. In this approach, students are given tasksto accomplish using language instead of studying the language. Students are also provided with pictures to help them understand the meaning and use of key imperatives for giving directions.Students work in pairs and are provided with two maps. The Principles of Community Language learning Language is for communication, first and foremost. Meanwhile, with the rapid development of EFLteaching in non-English-speaking countries, English teachers have becomemore aware that the exclusive use of either the Communicative Approachor Audio-lingual method does not suit all English teaching situations.Teachers have also discovered that no single teaching methoddeals with everything that concerns the form, the use and the content of thetarget language. 1 Principles. The focus is on affective (emotional) domain. ( Log Out /  Community language learning (CLL) is an approach in which students work together to develop what aspects of a language they would like to learn. 1. The Principles • 1 – Background • 2 – Theory of language and learning • 3 – Design (Objectives, Syllabus, Activities, roles of learners and teachers, material) • 4 – Procedure In spite of that, the role-play in the classroom offered by this method still can be applied in our country; the teacher may take the part as a counselor and the students as the clients. To save time, they decide to be divided into 3 groups to askdirections for three different places of interest; a) The Houses of Parliament, b) The Buckingham Palace and c) The Tower of London. Six Principles of Second Language Development Principle 1 Children learn what they hear most. Drawing on principles of counselling therapy then prevalent, CLL emphasizes the importance of the learners themselves by calling them "clients" and letting them design lesson content. Then, they listen to the tape and translate their conversation orally and the teacher transcript the students’ conversation orally to written. Develop understanding of the new language before speaking. Students ask question in their native language, but teacher answer in the target language 3. COMMUNITY LANGUAGE LEARNING METHOD (CLL)  It takes its principles from more general Counseling- Learning approach developed by Charles A. Curran  Curran believed that a way to deal with the fears of students is for teachers to become ‘language counselors’  By understanding students’ fears and being sensitive to them, the teacher can help students overcome their negative feelings and … The student’s job is to exchange information in order to complete their maps. However, CLT has the strengths and weaknesses. In conclusion, Community Language Learning is a method which is basically concerning with the internal aspects of the learners of a new language. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. It Increases students’ confident in respond something from what they have listened. ( Log Out /  In principles, Community language learning according to Stevick (1976: 128-131) as quoted by Pateda (1991) has some basic principles. It's a method that is based on English for communication and is extremely learner-focused. (2000). It is based on the Counselling-approach in which the teacher acts as a counselor and a paraphraser, while the learner is seen as a client and collaborator. It is because too much focus on meaning at the expense of form.CLT approach focuses on fluency but not accuracy in grammar and pronunciation.It may also be a difficult method to use in very large classes, where it may be easier to monitor and guide students by adopting a more didactic approach.Students with low levels of proficiency in the target language may find it difficult to participate in oral communicative activities and, if the exams used by an institution are grammar based, communicative fluency may not be appropriate. Community Language Learning (CLL) is a language teaching method which involves psychological aspect and students work together to develop what skill of a language they would like to learn. Drawing on principles of counselling therapy then prevalent, CLL emphasizes the importance of the learners themselves by calling them "clients" and letting them design lesson content. The teacher has to mark X on all the handouts by hand and make sure it’s in the same place on both copies(Student A andStudent B) as the activity won’t work otherwise.The teacher sets the scene: Students imagine they are a group of friends visiting London as tourists but they feel lost and need somebody’s help to continue their sightseeing. Language Learning. 2. Those strengths are summarized as follows: in speaking skill, this method is a student-oriented method; it can help students become independent in doing their activities in the classroom.Having a strong cooperation with other students in learning a target language can help create a healthy atmosphere, reduce the low self-esteem of the slow learners and increase the self-confident.The students learn to communicate and use the cognitive knowledge from the very beginning in order to practice the rules of the target language before they formulate their individual sentences or utterances. 2. The Goals of The Teacher The teachers want their student to learn; • • • • using the language communicatively learning about their own learning taking responsibility sharing knowledge from one another. This method can be applied to the learners who are very beginner. (Richards & Rodgers, 2001) Dr. Curran is a Roman Catholic priest, a moral theologian, and a specialist in counseling. Then, the students translate what have been written by the teacher in writen. Students feel more secure when they have an idea of … Principles of The Communicative Approach: Language learning is learning to communicate using the target language. Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is a set of principles about teaching including recommendations about method and syllabuswhere the focus is on meaningful communication not structure, use not usage. Rogers (1951) Community language learning (CLL) is represents the use of conseling learning theory to teach language. Why do we usually need a map?Then,Students are asked to make guesses about the purpose of the lesson, e.g. The Main Principles . The intention was that it would integrate translation so that the students would disassociate language learning with risk taking. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. http://ritamaya-jurnal.blogspot.com/2010/04/community-language-learning.html, http://wayansidakarya.blogspot.com/2012/06/community-language-learning-cll.html, http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/community-language-learning, http://teachingenglish4all.wordpress.com/2011/04/22/communicative-language-teaching-clt-and-the-post-method-era/, http://www.slideshare.net/minhsunl/communicative-language-teaching-clt. Change ). Finally, students are asked about their feeling after that.The students only intervene when they ask for help.The first few times the teacher try this with a class they might try and rely on you a lot but aim to distance yourself from the whole process in terms of leading and push them to do it themselves.The teacher sometimes get students to analyze the language the same lesson or sometimes in the next lesson. Community Language Learning (CLL) is a teaching method developed in the 1970s in the USA by Jesuit priest, psychologist and educator Charles Curran. In conclusion, Communicative Language Teaching is aninnovation of foreign language teaching, aiming at improving students’communicative competence. The teacher and students are whole persons (Affective Cognitive factors). http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/community-language-learning (accessed on July 10, 2014) COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING . The Counceling-Learning educational model was also applied to language learning, and in this form it became known as Community Language Learning. With higher levels if the students feel comfortable enough they can say some of it directly in English and the teacher give the full English sentence. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. 2. Principle 2 Children learn words for things and events that interest them. students is for teachers to become language counselors. C. Principles of … http://teachingenglish4all.wordpress.com/2011/04/22/communicative-language-teaching-clt-and-the-post-method-era/ (accessed July 10, 2014), http://www.slideshare.net/minhsunl/communicative-language-teaching-clt (accessed July, 2014). In this approach, students are given tasksto … Learn The Script. In listening skill, if the teacher keeps on giving the translation of the students’ sentences, the presentation in the classroom tend to be “translation presentation”. Two members ofthe group act out the dialogue to the whole class. The intention was that it would integrate translation so that the students would disassociate language learning with risk taking. Community Language Learning Observation and Principles. Curran studied adult learning for many years. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Here are the steps in teaching integrated speaking and listening skill by using CLT; The teacher introduces the topic by showing the students a map of central London and asking questions e.g. Community Language Learning Method PRINCIPLES Created by CLL interactions YIM - AON 1. There are some main principles of Community Language Learning Method: 1) Building a relationship with and among students is very important. Design an EFL lesson plan in line w ith the principles and techniques of Community Language Learning. The teacher acts as a counselor (human computer) while the learners act as a collaborator (client). Language is behavior. While reporting back, the other groups listen carefully to trace the way on their maps and circle the destination. COMMUNITY LANGUAGE LEARNING AND TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE BATUHAN ÇINAR 20161004 COMMUNITY LANGUAGE LEARNING The students are seen as a whole in this method. Some buildings (e.g. 8 Community Language Learning Observation and Principles. The basic procedures of CLL can thus be seen as derived from the counselor- clent relationship. In this method, in understanding what the learners need in the classroom, the teacher must have a high sensitivity to be able to identify the time when the clients need help in communicating their ideas and the time when they need to do it on their own. Community Language Learning , the principles. Each learner is a unique learner. Principle 4 Children learn words best in meaningful contexts. Community language learning draws on the counseling metaphor to redifine the roles of the teacher ( the counselor) and learns ( the clients) in the language classroom. While in listening skill, this method offers certain insights to teachers by reminding them to lower the learners’ anxiety, to create as much supportive group as possible in the classroom, to allow students to initiate language, and to show learners the autonomous learning as a preparation to face the day when the teacher is no longer around to guide them.Eventhough this method allows students to move according to theirown speed, the fast learners may push and help the slow ones.This method allows students to identify themselves to language they are learning.This method allows students to have the freedom and initiative as much as they want that makes this method as a unique and fascinating learning experience. To make Communicative Approach work well in Indonesia,we must reconcile it with the traditional Grammar-Translation method thatis still popularly used in senior high school. They can discuss how they felt about talking to a microphone and whether they felt more comfortable speaking aloud than they might do normally.This part is not recorded. of effective language learning. Teacher must build a relationship with the students from the outset. … COMMUNITY LANGUAGE LEARNING Psychologists: recognized the fundamentally affective and interpersonal nature of all learning. XXFour basic realities of language learning are that language is a tool for communication, learning a language involves mastery of both knowledge and skill, the struggle to learn a language is a battle of the heart as well as the mind, and learners vary considerably in their preferred approaches to language learning. Students can remain silent. If the language you’re learning involves a different script (e.g. Community Language Learning (CLL) 1. Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching: Oxford, http://ritamaya-jurnal.blogspot.com/2010/04/community-language-learning.html (accessed on July 10, 2014), http://wayansidakarya.blogspot.com/2012/06/community-language-learning-cll.html (accessed on July 10, 2014), http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/community-language-learning (accessed on July 10, 2014). Larsen, Diane. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The strengths in speaking skill are mention here; the learners will be highly motivated in this classroom because the totally involved in the role play. Principle 3 Interactive and responsive rather than passive contexts promote language learning. The weaknesses in speaking skill, It is felt that there is not enough emphasis on the correction of pronunciation and grammar error. Explain each task so that students don't feel threatened in any way. Just like any other methods in language teaching the Community Language Learning method also has some strengths and weaknesses. Once students have chosen a subject the students tell the teacher in their L1 what they’d like to say and the teacher discreetly come up behind them and translate the language chunks into English and the students repeat what the teacher say in English previously. This method can be used in teaching speaking and listening skill. COMMUNITY LANGUAGE LEARNING METHOD (CLL) It takes its principles from more general Counseling-. The counselor must not make any mistakes in doing the translation because if certain aspects of language are mistranslated there could be a less effective understanding of the target language. The 3 groups manage to find somebody to ask directions. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Chinese, Arabic), this … Teachers do not remain in the front of the classroom to reduce threat to them. Teacher Roles What is this?Have you ever needed or used a map? ( Log Out /  Community Language Learning (CLL) is a teaching method developed in the 1970s in the USA by Jesuit priest, psychologist and educator Charles Curran. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The learner needs to differentiate between a … Principles •Learning is dynamic and creative: learning is a living and developmental process Building a relationship with and among students is important as well as lessening their fears to a new learning situation. The success of this method depends largely on the translation expertise of the counselor. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Students will enjoy the role because they think that this kind of leaning is very interesting.We need this kind of exercise to communicate to do simple everyday activities allows you to learn through trial and error. The language is completely personalized and with higher levels they can themselves decide what parts of their conversation they would like to analyzed, whether it be tenses, lexis or discourse.With lower levels you can guide the analysis by choosing the most common problems you noted in the recording stages or by using the final transcription. It also helps to carry out quality education inforeign language teaching. 1. Community Language Learning (CLL) is a language teaching methodology developed in the 1950s by Charles A. Curran and his associates. The Principles Teacher Roles Student Roles In Community Language Learning. Each learner gets a different handout with different buildings marked on the map. So we can’t throw away the traditional teaching methodcompletely. They are asked to use appropriate linking expressions.A representative of each group reports the paragraph back to the whole class. They are considered not only their intelligence and logic but also their feelings, emotions, physical reactions and … Both a theory of language learning and a practical meth- odology for language teaching can be gathered from the research of Curran (1961, 1966). 2) Any new learning experience can be threatening. This method can be applied to any learning situation, and when applied to second language learning it is called Community Language Learning. Learning approach developed by Charles A. Curran. They just know English, in addition; they know nothing about English yet. 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Your WordPress.com account an instructional method called Counseling-Learning or Counselearning, which combines principles of Community language learning collaborator client! And is extremely learner-focused threatened in any way data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant.!, e.g Curran saw students as a whole in this form it became known as Community language,... Learn words best in meaningful contexts about English yet of Community language learning ( CLL ) is represents the of. Another Student wants to respond some point of the Communicative approach: language learning a! In your details below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter.... Presentation of this method in the classroom is process-based and not content-based which makes it difficult to the! W ith the principles teacher Roles Student Roles in Community language learning method its!