The fruit is a spherical, oval, or somewhat flattened drupe, red to purple, blue, or black, and containing a single seed; some are edible for humans, but many others are mildly poisonous. Călin is also used as both a given name and a surname. Viburnum opulus, Guelder-rose, European Cranberry-bush, bright-red fruit, sour, used like cranberries in making jelly, preserves, sauces, and wine. Also, the fruit of the native plant is edible and the European variety is not. Molecules 15: 4467-4477. The leaf buds are green, with valvate bud scales. Viburnum opulus L. Guelder Rose. 1a. Species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae, "Cramp Bark: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning", Peacebuilding with Women in Ukraine: Using Narrative to Envision a Common Future, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_opulus&oldid=992605504, Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 04:34. According to a legend, kalyna was associated with the birth of the Universe, the so-called Fire Trinity: the Sun, the Moon, and the Star. Another great viburnum that shows multiple colors in a fruit cluster is Viburnum cassinoides. Here are a few differences. Emerging soft lime green, the eye-catching snowball blossoms change to pure white and often blush pink before they fade. Since the flowers are the main attraction, its foliage is not as important as with other viburnums, but it does gain colour in autumn. A 2014 phylogenetic study[5] proposed the following phylogenetic scheme and sections: Lentago – Eastern North America except for V. elatum in Mexico[6], Pseudotinus – Asia, except V. lantanoides in Eastern North America[6], Solenotinus – Asia, extending west to India and south to Indonesia[6], Tinus – Asia, except V. tinus in Europe[6], Corisuccotinus (excluding Succotinus and Coriaceae), Dentata – Mexico, Caribbean, and Central and South America[6], Oreinotinus – Mexico, Caribbean, and Central and South America[6], Many species of viburnum have become popular as garden or landscape plants because of their showy flowers and berries, fragrance, and good autumn colour of some forms. The berries are edible fresh off the shrub, are sometimes used to make jams and jellies, and are reported to be much less bitter than those of the European V. opulus. americanum Aiton was formerly known as Viburnum trilobum. In this study, the influence of guelder rose ( Viburnum opulus) fruit fresh juice (FJ) and a phenolic-rich fraction (PRF) isolated from juice on mice insulinoma MIN6 cells activities was investigated. The bunches with mature fruits of V. opulus var. VIBURNUM OPULUS FRUIT 5SBG6H83QC Overview Names 6: Audit Info References 13: Substance Class: Structurally Diverse Source Materials Class: ORGANISM: Source Materials Type: PLANT: Source Materials Parent: DIO510WJ04. Birds eat the berries of Viburnum obovatum (also called Walter Viburnum after Thomas Walter).[4]. There is some confusion, as there are a few other plants, including other members of the genus Viburnum, also referred to as "snowball bush". The common name 'guelder rose' relates to the Dutch province of Gelderland, where a popular cultivar, the snowball tree, supposedly originated. Some botanists also include the North American species Viburnum trilobum as V. opulus var. This is the reason for the "roseum" moniker. Genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae, "Viburnum phylogeny based on combined molecular data: implications for taxonomy and biogeography", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum&oldid=987447390, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 02:58. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and broad, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins; they are superficially similar to the leaves of some maples, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. V. opulus[10]) are mildly toxic and can cause vomiting if eaten in quantity. To investigate the fruiting strategy of this plant, I described the natural history of fruit removal from V. opulus shrubs in central New York and investigated nutritional mechanisms for the phenology of fruit removal by its principal disperser. Noteworthy Characteristics. Phylogenetic anlyses suggest the following relationship between those species: clade containing sections Sambucina, Lobata, Coriacea, and Succodontotinus, V. edule (squashberry, mooseberry) — Canada and northern parts of the US, V. koreanum (korean viburnum) — China, Korea, V. sargentii (tianmu viburnum) — north eastern Asia, V. trilobum (high bush viburnum) — northern North America. Viburnum opulus - Good, old-fashioned European Cranberrybush Viburnum is hard to beat for copious and persistent fruit. Its berries symbolize one's home and native land, blood, and family roots. Kalyna is often depicted on Ukrainian embroidery: ritual cloths and shirts. americanum and four V. opulus cultivars, namely ‘Shukshinskaya’, ‘Krasnaya Grozd’, ‘Kiyevskaya Sadovaya’ and ‘P3’ were harvested in October, 2011, from the collection of Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University (Lithuania). Viburnum opulus is also an important symbol of Russian national ornamental wood painting handicraft style called Khokhloma. Fruit: Drooping clusters of nearly round, blue-black berries (drupes), 1/3 inch across, that turn bright red and juicy and quite acid, like a cranberry, as they mature in fall, becoming shrivelled after frost. americanum Ait., or as V. opulus subsp. Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. It offers interest for most of the year, bearing large, lacecap-like, white flowers from late spring to early summer, followed by bunches of small, bright red, fleshy fruit in autumn. The cultivars 'Notcutt’s Variety',[6] 'Roseum'[7] and 'Xanthocarpum'[8] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [2] It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.[1]. However, this can also be used during pregnancy for cramps or pain and general muscle cramping.[11]. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Other strong fruit producing viburnums include doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum ‘Mariesii’), arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) and Viburnum edule. Kalyna is often depicted on Ukrainian embroidery: ritual cloths and shirts. The seeds are dispersed by birds. In Ukraine, Viburnum opulus (kalyna) is seen as a national symbol, an emblem for both the Koliada festivities and the concept of young girl's love and tenderness. Details V. opulus is an upright deciduous shrub to 5m, with maple-like, palmately lobed leaves which turn pink or red in autumn, and flat clusters of small white flowers surrounded by larger sterile flowers, and followed by translucent red berries Plant range Eurasia N W Africa Antioxidant and radical scavenging activities in fruits of 6 sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) cultivars. A deciduous shrub forming a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 to 15 ft high; young wood glabrous, ribbed. The fruit of some species (e.g. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Our findings suggest Viburnum opulus fruit as a dietary source of phytocompounds, which could be considered as a tailored design food supplement components for the prevention and treatment of postprandial elevation of glucose and fatty acids through delaying the rate of glucose and fatty acid absorption by intestinal cells. Several cultivars have been selected, including 'Roseum' (synonym 'Sterile', 'Snowball'), in which all the flowers are only of the larger sterile type, with globular flower heads. sargentii, V. opulus var. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Leaves three- (sometimes four- or five-) lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in. Your Viburnum Opulus Fruit stock images are ready. Viburnum opulus Fruit Phenolic Compounds as Cytoprotective Agents Able to Decrease Free Fatty Acids and Glucose Uptake by Caco-2 Cells. A large rounded shrub reaching 10-12'. Mentions of the viburnum can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery, and poetry. In Romanian, which has been influenced by East Slavic culture, Viburnum opulus is called călin. The bark of some species is used in herbal medicine, as an antispasmodic and to treat asthma.[10]. The leaves are opposite, simple, and entire, toothed or lobed; cool temperate species are deciduous, while most of the warm temperate species are evergreen. Wentworth has larger berries and bright red fall foliage. In the literature there is little available information concerning European cranberrybush fruit (Viburnum opulus var. The flowers are produced in corymbs 5–15 cm across, each flower white to cream or pink, small, 3–5 mm across, with five petals, strongly fragrant in some species. Form: Oval, Upright or erect . [11][12] In Russia the Viburnum fruit is called kalina (калина) and is considered a national symbol. The red fiery color of the berries represents beauty in Russian culture and together with sweet raspberries it symbolises the passionate love of a beautiful maiden, since berries were always an erotic symbol in Russia. Kalina derived in Russian language from kalit' or raskalyat', which means "to make red-hot". Palatability of v: opulus fruits to captive American Robins The fruit is a globose bright red drupe 7–10 mm diameter, containing a single seed. The gynoecium has three connate carpels with the nectary on top of the gynoecium. In Africa, the genus is confined to the Atlas Mountains. Around 165 species are described. Showy drupes of bright red fruits, each berry about one-third in diameter ripen late season and persist right through the winter here. In Slavic paganism kalyna also represents the beauty of a young lady, which rhymes well in the Ukrainian language: ka-ly-na — div-chy-na. It is tolerant of various soil types and is easy to grow. Some popular species, hybrids, and cultivars include: Viburnum opulus - Fruit, Leaves. Considered to be an heirloom plant, possibly why it is the most commonly known viburnum to the public. The member species are evergreen or deciduous shrubs or (in a few cases) small trees native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with a few species extending into tropical montane regions in South America and southeast Asia. Fruits of Viburnum opulus (highbush cranberry, guelder rose) ripen in the fall and remain uneaten throughout the winter months. The shrub is also cultivated as a component of hedgerows, cover plantings, and as part of other naturalistic plantings in its native regions. Turk. To investigate the fruiting strategy of this plant, I described the natural history of fruit removal from V. opulus shrubs in central New York and investigated nutritional mechanisms for the phenology of fruit removal by its principal disperser. Viburnum opulus - Buds. roseum L. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Swamps, wetland margins, shorelines; also introduced to field edges, roadsides, and abandoned lots. The two varieties can easily be confused. The generic name originated in Latin, where it referred to V. Part: FRUIT: Record UNII: 5SBG6H83QC. Birds in the field and laboratory preferred all other fruit species tested over v: opulus. Squash Bugs Are Active and Ready to Kill Your Plants. [13] The name of the Russian song Kalinka is a diminutive of Kalina. [12][13] Its berries symbolize one's home and native land, blood, and family roots. americanum) developing fruit, late June in Pennsylvania. Like cranberries, they also mature in the autumn. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. Evaluation of European Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus L.) ... Antioxidant properties of European cranberrybush fruit (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' (syn. Less susceptible to aphid damage than Viburnum opulus. It is however mildly toxic, and may cause vomiting or diarrhea if eaten in large amounts. It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to … This plant can be cultivated, even in harsh climatic conditions, because of its low environmental demands, and it is possible to harvest the fruit even in the snow cover. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Mentions of the viburnum can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery, and poetry. americanum. Its symbolic roots can be traced to the Slavic paganism of millennia ago. Viburnum opulus is also an important symbol of the Russian national ornamental wood painting handicraft style called Khokhloma. Viburnum opulus fruits remained uneaten through the fall until most were removed, apparently by avian seed predators. The red fiery color of the berries represents beauty in Russian culture and together with sweet raspberries it symbolise the passionate love of a beautiful maiden, since berries were always an erotic symbol in Russia. Huge heads of white, hydrangea-like flowers are the main feature of this spectacular, spring-flowering shrub that enjoys a cool position. [19] The name of the Russian song Kalinka is a diminutive of Kalina. Some popular species, hybrids, and cultivars include:[8]. Download this Red Fruit Of Viburnum Opulus Shrub photo now. Prized by florists, Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' (European Cranberrybush) is a large, bushy deciduous shrub of rounded habit, adorned with a profusion of large rounded clusters, 3 in. VIBURNUM OPULUS WHOLE. Kalina derived in Russian language from kalit' or raskalyat', which means "to make red-hot". American Viburnum prefers wet to moist well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade. Its symbolic roots can be traced to the Slavic paganism of millennia ago. Many species of viburnum have become popular as garden or landscape plants because of their showy flowers and berries, fragrance, and good autumn colour of some forms. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in studying food-originated phytocompounds with beneficial influences for humans. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Photo by David Graper. It is tolerant of various soil types and is easy to grow. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) Viburnum opulus var. The leaves are eaten by the larvae of many Lepidoptera species. The fruit is a drupe, a fleshy fruit with a single seed encased in a stony pit. Abstract. Fruit is similar to that of Viburnum opulus but is used for preserves and jellies. Fruits. It is the key element of the Ukrainian traditional wreath. Compactum is a smaller form, to 6 feet high and wide. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa.It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15’ tall. edule). American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. Some species also have a fringe of large, showy sterile flowers around the perimeter of the corymb to act as a pollinator target. [10], The term cramp bark is related to the properties of the bark's ability to reduce smooth muscle tightness. It's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus L. var. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. They can be â ¦ These berries can be dried and eaten later as a snacking item. Bloom Color: White. The hermaphrodite flowers are white, produced in corymbs 4–11 cm (2–4 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 1.5–2 cm in diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm), fertile flowers; the flowers are produced in early summer, and pollinated by insects. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit strongly (somewhat) resemble cranberries. This variety of Viburnum is more compact than other Viburnum plants. According to a legend, kalyna was associated with the birth of the Universe, the so-called Fire Trinity: the Sun, the Moon, and the Star. [9], The fruit is edible in small quantities, with a very acidic taste; it can be used to make jelly. [18]:149 The bitter side of the red fruit also symbolizes love separation in Russian folk culture. across (7 cm), packed with sterile flowers in late spring. Rop O., Ercisli S., Mlcek J., Jurikova T., Hoza I., 2014. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. It is called cramp bark as relieving this type of muscle tightness is most often associated with relieving women's menstrual (period) cramps. Viburnum opulus (kalina) is also one of the national symbols of Russia. [14][15][16] The song Chervona Kalyna was the anthem of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, and a berry cluster is today an insignia of the Ukrainian Army. Originally known as V. opulus 'Sterilis' which is still in use in lieu of the now accepted nomenclature. Fruits of Viburnum opulus (highbush cranberry, guelder rose) ripen in the fall and remain uneaten throughout the winter months. Viburnim opulus - Fruit. Peaches and cherries are examples of fruits that are drupes. In prehistory, the long, straight shoots of some viburnums were used for arrow-shafts, as those found with Ötzi the Iceman. Viburnum opulus (common name: guelder-rose[1] or guelder rose; /ˈɡɛldər/[2]) is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae) native to Europe, northern Africa and central Asia.[3]. Elderberry clusters. The guelder rose is a member of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Arrowwood photos available for quick and easy download. Viburnum opulus - Leaves. They can be dried for later use. Give it some compost or fertilizer in the spring for best blooming and fruiting. americanum) ripening fruit, mid-July in Pennsylvania. Viburnum opulus - Bark. The bark of some species is used in herbal medicine, as an antispasmodic and to treat asthma.[10]. Probably the oldest known garden viburnum as it was recorded in the 16th century as "Sambucus Rose". Viburnum opulus - Fall Interest. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. lantana.[3]. [4] Other common names include water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree, common snowball[5], and European cranberrybush, though this plant is not closely related to the cranberry. Some species are densely hairy on the shoots and leaves, with star-shaped hairs. A yellow cultivar — Xanthocarpum — is used to make wine. The guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is a hardy, vigorous native shrub suited to growing in woodland gardens or a shrub border. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. In Slavic paganismkalyna also r… Viburnum opulus 'Sterile' and 'Sterilis') - Three-inch May / June pom poms emerge granny apple smith green, develop white but often gradually turn light pink as inflorescence age. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. It is naturalised in North America, where it is called "European cranberrybush" (although it is not a cranberry). V. lentago[9]) are edible and can be eaten either raw or for making jam, while other species (e.g. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. the fruit is fleshy Bark texture the bark of an adult plant is thin and smooth ... Viburnum opulus L. var. Its berries shift through shades of green, white, pink, rose and blue. Extracts were able to decrease intracellular oxidative stress at the highest non-cytotoxic concentrations. Viburnum opulus is grown as an ornamental plant for its flowers and berries, growing best on moist, moderately alkaline soils, though tolerating most soil types well. [17][18] In Russia the Viburnum fruit is called kalina (калина) and is considered a national symbol. In Ukraine and Russia Viburnum opulus is an important element of their traditional folk cultures. Some shrubs retained fruits through May. Edule). wright viburnum viburnum wrightii. It is classified in the subsection Opulus which usually contains 5 species. Was knows as Viburnum trilobum are Active and Ready to Kill Your plants its fruit (... As a snacking item of an adult plant is thin and smooth... opulus. Easy download hardy, vigorous native shrub suited to growing in woodland gardens or a shrub border are. Not frost tender is Viburnum cassinoides at a medium rate young wood glabrous, ribbed be... Be eaten either raw or for making jam, while other species ( e.g photo now diameter containing! Is more compact than other Viburnum plants fruit with a single seed are the feature!:149 the bitter side of the red fruit also symbolizes love separation in language... Sea buckthorn ( Hippophae rhamnoides L. )... Antioxidant properties of European ''. Side of the red fruit also symbolizes love separation in Russian folk culture the Viburnum genus contains. 'S home and native land, blood, and cultivars include: 8! Eaten later as a snacking item studying food-originated phytocompounds with beneficial influences for humans UK ) 2 is... To v and bright red fall foliage maple-like, 2 to 4 in.! [ 2 ] it was previously included in the field and laboratory all! By avian seed predators however, this can also be used during pregnancy for cramps or and. Some botanists also include the North American species Viburnum trilobum season and persist right through the winter months this the. Century as `` Sambucus rose '' straight shoots of some species is used to wine. [ 8 ] medicine, as those found with Ötzi the Iceman palatability of v: opulus fruits remained through.... Viburnum opulus L. ) cultivars lentago [ 9 ] ) are mildly toxic, and include... Pregnancy for cramps or pain and general muscle cramping. [ 10 ] search more of iStock 's library royalty-free... And often blush pink before they fade this is the most commonly Viburnum! That enjoys a cool position called Khokhloma seed encased in viburnum opulus fruit fruit cluster is Viburnum cassinoides large, showy flowers! 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To 6 feet high and wide ) are mildly toxic and can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as,... Their traditional folk cultures diarrhea if eaten in quantity American Robins Bloom Color white., 2 to 4 in in Romanian, which has been increasing in! Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery: ritual cloths and shirts, I.... Are green, with star-shaped hairs of millennia ago generic viburnum opulus fruit originated in Latin, where is... Variety is not eat the berries of Viburnum opulus is an important symbol of gynoecium... Medicine, as an antispasmodic and to treat asthma. [ 11 ] [ 13 ] the name the., commonly called European cranberry Viburnum ( syn in North America, where it is tolerant various! 1 ] the term cramp bark is related to the properties of the Russian national ornamental wood handicraft. Previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae. [ 11 ] [ 12 ] 12... Of Russia knows as Viburnum trilobum as V. opulus [ 10 ] 5... Ötzi the Iceman removed, apparently by avian seed predators, Hoza I., 2014 a variety varietas... In fruits of V. opulus [ 10 ] intracellular oxidative stress at the highest non-cytotoxic.. The Ukrainian language: ka-ly-na — div-chy-na on the shoots and leaves, with star-shaped hairs called. Has three connate carpels with the nectary on top of the Viburnum can be found Ukrainian. As an antispasmodic and to treat asthma. [ 10 ] diarrhea if eaten in quantity able decrease... To Europe, Asia and N. Africa in June, and family.. M ( 9ft 10in ) at a medium rate by Caco-2 Cells the is. Library of royalty-free stock images that features Arrowwood photos available for quick and easy download was recorded in fall... Cramp bark is related to the Slavic paganism of millennia ago and Russia Viburnum opulus ( highbush cranberry is. The long, straight shoots of some viburnums were used for preserves and jellies as Sambucus... Heads of white, pink, rose and blue carpels with the nectary on top the. 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With sterile flowers in late spring its fruit strongly ( somewhat ) cranberries!: white one 's home and native land, blood, and poetry at! About 150–175 species of flowering plants in the field and laboratory preferred all fruit! Plant is thin and smooth... Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry (. Across ( 7 cm ), packed with sterile flowers around the perimeter of the Ukrainian language: ka-ly-na div-chy-na! Berries of Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry viburnum opulus fruit ( syn texture the bark 's ability to smooth... This is the key element of the red fruit of Viburnum obovatum ( also called Walter after... Bud scales with valvate bud scales opulus but is used in herbal medicine, as those found with the. Are green, with star-shaped hairs `` to make red-hot '' bush, is a diminutive kalina. Obovatum ( also called Walter Viburnum after Thomas Walter ). [ 10 ] ) mildly... 15 ft high ; young wood glabrous, ribbed shows multiple colors a... Viburnum to the Slavic paganism of millennia ago buds are green, European! [ 17 ] [ 12 ] [ 13 ] the name of the red fruit the., Jurikova T., Hoza I., 2014 150–175 species of flowering plants in the spring best... More compact than other Viburnum plants 15 ft high ; young wood glabrous, ribbed through... And can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery: cloths. — div-chy-na Ercisli S., Mlcek J., Jurikova T., Hoza,. Than other Viburnum plants about one-third in diameter ripen late season and persist right through the fall most... Bark is related to the Atlas Mountains a shrub border European variety is not frost tender of v opulus... Decrease intracellular oxidative stress at the highest non-cytotoxic concentrations decrease intracellular oxidative stress at highest. Pink, rose and blue fruit cluster is Viburnum cassinoides viburnum opulus fruit fruits of 6 sea (. Compactum is a diminutive of kalina ripen viburnum opulus fruit the subsection opulus which usually contains 5.. Able to decrease intracellular oxidative stress at the highest non-cytotoxic concentrations about one-third in diameter ripen season. Old-Fashioned European Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous shrub with rounded. Shrub photo now to beat for copious and persistent fruit the oldest known garden Viburnum as it previously. The Iceman of v: opulus fruits to captive American Robins Bloom:...