I would also say that we can all breath a big sigh of relief that the Zero wasn't equiped with 4 .50 Brownings. It was used exclusively in fixed installations, i.e., either in fighters or in power-operated turrets. Because of the close technical … Contact fused HE, HE tracer, and HE incendiary were also available. Type 100 armour piercing tracer. The most obvious solution at the time, and the … National Archives #80-G-281189. 2017 | New tool + Actions Stash . Taking into consideration this and other features of the Dewoitine, Nakajima designed a comparable fighter but went a major step further by adding a retractable undercarriage, the first to be built in Japan. Previous: Japanese 20mm Type 99 Cannon: Table of Contents: Next: Japanese 30mm Ho-155 Cannon: graduate Japanese 25mm/60 Type 96 Light Antiaircraft Gun. Smaller drums (45, 30 or 15 rounds) were used on flexible installations where space was limited.[4]. Jul 24, 2011 #110. … Following the import and evaluation of s… This weapon is almost i… Japanese Type 99 20mm Mark 2 gun barrels … 2953 … Imperial Japanese Army Air Service Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service: Wars: World War II: Specifications; Mass: 37 kg (82 lb) Length: 1,444 mm (56.9 in) Barrel length: 900 mm (35 in) Cartridge: 20×94mm: Calibre: 20 mm (0.79 in) Action: Short recoil-operated: Rate of fire: Early version: 820 rounds/min Later version: 700-750 rounds/min 500 rounds/min (synchronized) Muzzle velocity : 735 … [3][4] The FFS was tested, but not put in production. These weapons were never used by the Japanese Army—there was almost no commonality in gun types or ammunition between Army and Navy. The Oerlikon 20 mm cannon is a series of autocannons, based on an original German Becker Type M2 20 mm cannon design that appeared very early in World War I. Stuff : https://edwinsarkissian.com Insta : https://www.instagram.com/edwinsarkissian/ A more practical solution was provided by the Type 99 Mark 1 Fixed Model 4, which featured a Kawamura-developed belt feed mechanism. Oerlikon 20 mm cannon ; A modern Oerlikon cannon (Oerlikon 20mm/85 … A significant feature is that the parts which are subjected to little wear, such as the grips, mounts, gunners’ shoulder rest, and other exterior parts are generally made of light weight metal. The Type 2 20 mm AA Machine Cannon was a Japanese -designed anti-aircraft gun, based on the German Flak 38. Too bad for Becker, (not to mention the Kaiser) the guns were never made in enough numbers to affect the war and his design was shelved. A central fire-control system was developed for Type 2, which could control and direct 6 of the guns at once. The original paper work says this particular gun was taken in the battle of Guadalcanal near the Florida Islands. Type 100 high-explosive tracer (with self-destruct). [1] The gun could be emplaced in about three minutes by an experienced crew or fired inaccurately from its wheels. by Christopher Bailey. Jul 24, 2011 #110. Japanese 20mm Type 99 Mk1 Cannon MiniWorld 1:72 A7215 + Actions Stash . Japanese Type 99 20mm Mark 2 cannon barrels (4pcs) Share. Apr 21, 2011 High Wycombe, … Because of the close technical similarity, several modifications were adopted to both guns simultaneously. The 99 in the designation derived from the Japanese imperial calendar year, 1939 corresponding to the Japanese year 2599. The Type 99 Mark 1 machine gun and Type 99 Mark 2 machine gun were Japanese versions of the Oerlikon FF and Oerlikon FFL autocannons respectively. The Type 99 Mark 2 was carried by later models of the A6M, starting with the A6M3a Reisen Model 22 Ko,[3] and on later Navy fighters such as the Kawanishi N1K-J. This cartridge was developed during WW2 for the Japanese Army air force's Ho-5 cannon, also known as the 20mm Type 2. Via Mikesh (2004) Specifications: Ammunition type: 20 x 94 HEI or AP: Projectile weight : 3.95 oz (AP) 112 g (AP) Velocity : 2460 feet per second 750 meters per second: Range : 2950 feet 900 meters: Rate of fire : 850 rounds per minute : Gun weight: 82 lbs 37 kg: Gun power: 140: The Ho-5 (Type 2) cannon was an excellent weapon designed by scaling up the Type … [3] It entered service that same year and first saw combat in Nomonhan. U.S. Air Force. Japanese Navy Type 99 Mk1 machine gun MiniWorld 1:72 7215 + Actions Stash . - Duration: 7:00. It was widely produced by Oerlikon Contraves and others, with various models employed by both Allied and Axis forces during World War II, and many versions are still in use today. The limited ammunition capacity was an important disadvantage. A Very Rare WWII Imperial Japanese Zero Type 99 Mk 1 20MM Auto Cannon This is one of the rarest machine guns of WWII. Their attention was drawn to the family of aircraft autocannon manufactured by Oerlikon, the FF, FFL and FFS. It entered service in 1942. Following the import and evaluation of sample guns, the Imperial Japanese Navy decided in 1937 to adopt these weapons. This weapon is an air-cooled, blowback-operated, Oerlikon type machine cannon. The gun is manufactured in Japan on Swiss machinery. 20 x 82 - Post WW2 - MG 151/20 . ... "Iwo Jima Franken-Gun" – Japanese Artillery Cannon - Duration: 0:31. The formal designations were Type 99 Mark 1 machine gun and Type 99 Mark 2 machine gun (Japanese: Kyū-Kyū Shiki Ichigō Kizyū, Kanji: 九九式一号機銃) and Kyū-Kyū Shiki Nigō Kizyū, Kanji: 九九式二号機銃). The Type 99 Mark 1 and Mark 2 were not models of the same gun, instead they had parallel lines of development into several different models. In 1939 this started producing a Japanese version of the FF, initially known as the Type E (because the Japanese transliteration of Oerlikon was Erikon) but from late 1939 onwards formally known as the Type 99 Mark 1. It is a Japanese type 99-1 20MM auto cannon which was mounted in the wings of the famous Mitsubishi A6M Zero. 九七式自動砲: The Japanese Type 97 20mm Anti-tank Rifle. This can vary, however: for example, in WWII, Japan classified any weapon over 11mm as a cannon; thus, in Japanese records, … [1] About 80% of the Imperial Japanese Army light AA guns were Type 98s. In the first years of the war the IJN preferred the Type 99 Mark 1, and it did not operationally use the Type 99 Mark 2 until 1942. The Type 99 was the standard cannon on Japanese naval aircraft throughout the war, appearing in both fixed and flexible variants. A flexible version, initially developed for the Mitsubishi G3M bomber, was inverted to put the ammunition drum below the line of sight of the gunner. The 20-mm light automatic anti-aircraft gun type 98 (1938) was the standard mobile anti-aircraft automatic weapon used by the Japanese Army during World War II. FMS Zero Fighter type 22 7 7mm& 20mm Gun Test - Duration: 1:27. oumeastro 952 views. In 1935, officers in the Imperial Japanese Navy began to investigate 20-mm automatic cannon as armament for future fighter aircraft. Set can be used in all model kits in 1:144 scale. 20 x 138B - German WW2 FLAK 30/28. The Type 2 20 mm AA machine cannon was a Japanese-designed anti-aircraft gun, based on the German Flak 38. 0.55 lbs 0.25 kg: Velocity. Why cant Gaijin get anything right when it come to balancing guns in air forces. After World War II this gun was used by the Indonesian Army in the Indonesian National Revolution and North Vietnam in First Indochina War. Used in many fighters and bombers. 20 x 82 - German WW2 - MG 151/20 . 20 x 120 Madsen - German WW2 - HE / Danish Post … But the Model 5 was formally adopted only in May 1945 and may not have seen combat. Saipan was the key island in the Marianas chain and the first to be assaulted by American … • Taki's Imperial Japanese Army Page: Type 98 20mm AA Machine Cannon - Akira Takizawa In 1934 the Swiss b… The FF series inspired many 20mm cannon used in World War II, including tkhe Hispano-Suiza HS.404 (adopted by the French, … The name comes from the German term Flügel Fest, meaning wing mounted, fixed, being one of the first 20mm guns to be small and light enough to fit into a fighter aircraft's wing. Japanese 20mm Ho-5 Cannon. It was based on the Oerlikon, for which the Japanese had negotiated a manufacturing license in 1936, but it was continually improved and refined.Early marks were known simply as E-shiki ("Oerlikon Type") guns, and it was not until 1941 and 1942 that the Model 1 and … These all shared the same operating principle, the advanced primer ignition blowback mechanism pioneered by the Becker cannon, but fired different ammunition: 20×72RB, 20×100RB, and 20×110RB, respectively. It operates on the same basic principle as all Oerlikon cannons of this type. Every country used them, such as the AA mounts on pretty much every US ship in service during the early 40's. The 20 mm caliber is a specific size of cannon or autocannon ammunition. The Type 98 20 mm AA machine cannon was the most common light anti-aircraft gun of the Japanese military. The close economic and political ties between the IJN and Dai Nihon Heiki KK ensured that the latter had little competition. Two of the guns mounted together formed a variant known as the Type 4 20 mm twin AA machine cannon. PhlyDaily 289,336 views. German WW1 - Becker - 2- HE, Practice or HE with dummy/transit fuse, 2 - Incendiary. The Type 99 Mark 1 Fixed Model 3 could be equipped with a 100-round drum, but the size of the drum was itself a problem in fighter installations, although the Model 3 guns were installed on the initial production versions of the A6M3. Projectile weight. In 1935, officers in the Imperial Japanese Navy began to investigate 20 mm automatic cannon as armament for future fighter aircraft. Japanese Type 99 20mm Mark 2 gun barrels (4 pcs) Master 1:32 AM-32-007 + Actions Stash . 20 x 138B - Italian WW2 Breda / German FLAK 30/28 Loading Tray 20 x 110RB Oerlikon - German WW2 . The Type 99 cannon suffered from relatively low muzzle velocity and rate of fire compared to other 20mm cannons but the trade off was an extremely light cannon that did not hinder flight performance of the IJN's fighter aircraft. ... 150MM JAPANESE DERP TANK - Ho-Ro (War Thunder 1.65 Tank Gameplay) - Duration: 14:28. All the Oerlikon derived 20mm's were not too bad in their own right. I’m not sure whether the OP was referring to the 20MM cannon of WWII, or was asking about today’s 20MM cannon, so I won’t give my answer from a historical perspective, but rather a (somewhat) current one. 727 45 28. By modifications that included the addition of strong buffer springs, the rate of fire was raised to between 670 and 750 rpm. Edgar Brooks Senior Airman. [4], Type 98 20 mm anti-aircraft machine cannon, China People's Revolution Military Museum, Taki's Imperial Japanese Army: Type 98 20mm AA Machine Cannon, Taki's Imperial Japanese Army: Type 4 20 mm twin AA Machine Cannon, Taki's Imperial Japanese Army Page: Type 98 20mm AA Machine Cannon - Akira Takizawa, Taki's Imperial Japanese Army Page: Type 4 20 mm twin AA Machine Cannon - Akira Takizawa, "Type 100" AP and HE-T rounds at inert-ord.net, Type 96 and Type 97 150 mm infantry mortar, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Type_98_20_mm_AA_machine_cannon&oldid=994649896, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. As designed, it offered an impressive combination of high performance and light weight, but the lack of high-quality steels for gun-making meant that the ammunition had to be significantly downloaded to reduce the … The Type 99 Mark 2 was a heavier weapon with a stronger recoil, and was not put in use by the IJN before 1942. The gun is an old spec deac and was registered in 1946 by the … These all shared the same operating principle, the advanced primer ignition blowback mechanism pioneered by the Beckercannon, but fired different ammunition: 20x72RB, 20x100RB and 20x110RB, respectively. The outstanding appeal of this aeroplane was its new engine-mounted 20mm cannon which fired through the propeller shaft. The Type 99 Mark 1 and Mark 2 were not models of the same gun, instead they had parallel lines of development into several different models. Introduced in 1942, the gun was similar to the Type 98 20 mm AA machine cannon, but these could be elevated to 95 degrees and had a central fire-control system. If I recall, Minoru Honda's recollection of the 20mm vs. preferring the.50 cals was talking about the Mk.II versions of the Type 99's on the Shiden Kai. Set includes turned brass barrels. Japanese Type 99 20 mm Mark 2 Gun Barrels Master 1:144 AM-144-022 . [2] Their attention was drawn to the family of aircraft autocannon manufactured by Oerlikon, the FF, FFL and FFS. My guess is there would have been alot more Wildcats and Dauntlesses littering the ocean floor. The Type 98 was also one of the two armament options for the IJA's Submersible Gun Mount Model 1. The Type 98 20 mm AA machine cannon was the most common light anti-aircraft gun of the Imperial Japanese Army. The German MG FF and Japanese Type 99-1 were both developed from the Oerlikon FF, with the MG FF improved further into the MG FF/M, then scaled up to the 30mm MK 108, before being scaled up further to the 55mm MK 112. It is very simple to use in Your model, and makes it extremely realistic. The Type 99 Mark 1 was adopted by the Japanese for both fixed and flexible installations. The gun was based on a slightly enlarged Browning M2. To produce the Oerlikon guns, a group of retired Navy admirals created a new arms manufacturing company, the Dai Nihon Heiki KK. Via Wikipedia Commons. The fixed installation was developed first, as a fighter gun fed by a 60-round drum magazine, mounted in the wings of the famous Mitsubishi A6M Zeke or Zero. Heading this project were two French engineers, Roger … Recalling the lessons of the First World War, nations around the world each began their own program to design and perfect a man-portable anti-tank weapon. It entered service in 1942. The Type 99 Mark 2 Model 5 resulted from attempts to increase the rate of fire. [1] The Type 98 designation was given to this gun as it was accepted in the year 2598 of the Japanese calendar (1938). Design. Approximately 500 of these guns were produced. Weight 136 g projectile and 405 g complete round with 890 m/s. The Type 97 automatic cannon is a 20-millimeter (0.79 in) Japanese anti-tank rifle that began development in the 1930s. [3][4], Type of 20 mm (0.787 in) autocannon (weapons were classed as machine guns by the IJN), Top:a Type 99 Mark 1 machine gun ; Below: a Type 99 Mark 2 machine gun, http://www.lonesentry.com/ordnance/tag/cannon, http://www.airwar.ru/weapon/guns/type99.html, Type 99 cannon, www.warbirdsresourcegroup.org, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Type_99_cannon&oldid=967320302, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 20 mm (0.787 in) autocannon (weapons were classed as machine guns by the IJN), This page was last edited on 12 July 2020, at 15:41. The Japanese Navy classified 20 mm weapons as machine guns rather than cannon. 20 x 80RB - German WW2 . Their attention was drawn to the family of aircraft autocannon manufactured by Oerlikon, the FF, FFL and FFS. A Japanese version of the FFL was produced as the Type 99 Mark 2. These all shared the same operating principle, the advanced primer ignition blowback mechanism pioneered by the Becker cannon, but fired different ammunition: 20×72RB, 20×100RB, and 20×110RB, respectively. The central fire-control system developed for the Type 2 could control and direct six of the guns at once. It was used by the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Soviet–Japanese border conflicts and the Pacific War. They were adopted by the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in 1939 and served as their standard aircraft autocannon during World War II.[1]. AMMUNITION - 20mm. Weight 162 g projectile and 431 g complete round. The FF were a series of 20mm autocannon introduced by Oerlikon in the late 1920s. Ogata Katsuichi technological general manager of army "Matter of 13mm "Hotchkiss-type" anti-aircraft gun semi-adopted types enactment" 1934 Japan Center for Asian Historical Record Ref.C01001317200, Army technological headquarters "Examination report of type 98 anti-aircraft gun and dummy cartridge" 1940 Japan Center for Asian Historical Record Ref.A03032139400, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 20:29. It entered service in 1938 and was used until the end of World War II. Simply cut off the original plastic barrel and drill a hole in the remaining parts and insert the metal … Standard Japanese aircraft autocannon during World War II. This gun was to be used to help sweep the sky of the Western Frontof those pesky thousands of American, British, and French biplanes in the last year of World War 1. Back in 1918, German arms engineer Reinhold Becker came up with a 20x80mm round that fired using primer ignition blowback in a very large machine gun to fire at 300-rounds per minute. I would guess that the majority of Japanese kills were with their 20 mm cannon. Four Fun Facts about the Oerlikon 20mm Antiaircraft Cannon! The Japanese Navy classified 20 mm weapons as machine guns rather than cannon. They seem to do next to no damage, i unload into enemy fighters and nothing happens, meanwhile 50s that are just over half the size just tear things apart. Because it fired a bigger cartridge than the Type 99 Mark 1, the Type 99 Mark 2 had a higher muzzle velocity but a lower rate of fire, and was heavier. 1:27. [4] These weapons were never used by the Japanese Army—there was almost no commonality in gun types or ammunition between Army and Navy. A full drum of 60 rounds run thru my 20mm Oerlikon at the Eastern Ohio machinegun shoot over the Halloween weekend. Saipan Islands, Northern Mariana Islands Listed: 08/25/1995 The Japanese 20mm Cannon Blockhouse is considered significant under National Register criteria A,C, & D. Criterion A: The Japanese 20mm Cannon Blockhouse is directly associated with the monumental events of World War II in the Pacific. Since 20mm is the cutoff point where most nations switch from bullets to shells, it has come to also generally be the cutoff point between weapons classified as a machine gun or a cannon. It was used until the end of World War II. The Model 4 of this weapon adopted the same belt-feed mechanism as the Type 99 Mark 1 Model 4. This weapon and its variants were based on the French design of the 13.2 mm Hotchkiss machine gun of the 1930s, which the Japanese forces had bought and further developed at home. Specifications: Bore: 25mm 0.984" Ammunition type: AP fixed shell. In the middle part of the 1930’s, it became apparent to nearly all observers that another war was on the horizon. The Japanese 20mm Cannon Blockhouse is one of many relics of World War II on the island of Saipan in the Northern Mariana Islands.It is a concrete blockhouse, semi-circular in shape with a diameter of about 6 metres (20 ft).Its walls are 1.22 metres (4.0 ft) thick with four firing ports large enough to accommodate 20mm cannons, originally equipped with steel sliding shutters. The Japanese gun is a close copy of the Swiss gun, in that it is designed for full automatic fire only. Towards the end of the war it developed a preference for installing the Type 99 Mark 2, presumably to counter the improving performance and ruggedness of US combat aircraft. In 1935, officers in the Imperial Japanese Navy began to investigate 20 mm automatic cannon as armament for future fighter aircraft. As for the Oerlikon cannons, those date back to the 20mm Becker cannon the Germans developed during WW1. 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