All parts of the plant are poisonous because the presence of cardiac glycoside oleandrin. There are, however, some chemicals that are more difficult to detect than others, including arsenic, selenium and plants such as deadly nightshade and oleander. Despite its toxicity, oleander extract is used in folk medicines. Oleander poisoning occurs when someone eats the flowers or chews the leaves or stems of the oleander plant (Nerium oleander), or its relative, the yellow oleander (Cascabela thevetia). DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. Oleander (leaves and branches) is deemed extremely dangerous, with the poison known to affect the heart, produce severe digestive upset, and to have caused death. Oleander is also extremely toxic to cats, dogs and horses. There is no specific test for oleander poisoning and the tests that can point to this toxicity are not always time sensitive when results are needed in a hurry. Blood tests can be indicative to the poisoning in that the presence of hyperkalemia will be seen in the results. Taking advantage of the cross-reactivity of oleandrin, the active component of oleander with structural similarity to digoxin, oleander poisoning may be detected indirectly by observing apparent digoxin concentration in the serum of a patient suspected with oleander poisoning but not taking digoxin. Despite its toxicity, oleander extract is used in folk medicines. Poisoning symptoms in pets may include colic, sweating, incoordination, difficulty breathing or shallow breathing, and diarrhea, which may turn bloody. Bavunoglu 2016 A 33-year-old woman who ingested 25 g of N. oleander leaves boiled in 350 mL of water for 20 minutes developed headache, vomiting, … Other … Oleander poisoning can be detected by digoxin immunoassays and for last two decades the fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) has been used for rapid detection of oleander poisoning in clinical laboratories. Even a few milligrams of this rare poison can be fatal. This article is for information only. Dasgupta, A. and Hart, A. P. Rapid detection of oleander poisoning using fluorescence polarization immunoassay for digitoxin. Recently, Abbott Laboratories … Oleander is an ornamental shrub that grows in the United States, Australia, India, Sri Lanka, China, and other parts of the world. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. Oleander was detected in the urine at a concentration of 3.2 ng/mL and in the serum at a concentration of 8.4 ng/mL. Nerium oleander / ˈ n ɪər i ə m ˈ oʊ l iː æ n d ər /, most commonly known as oleander or nerium, is a shrub or small tree belonging to subfamily Apocynoideae of the dogbane family Apocynaceae and is cultivated worldwide in temperate and subtropical areas as an ornamental and landscaping plant. Polonium 201 is a radioactive poison which is hard to detect because the radiation emitted by it remains inside the body. Pets may also suffer muscle tremors and be …