J. Sci. 22. to body composition.9 On the professional level, Table 1 summarizes the average anthropometrics of draftees and free agents in the NBA from 1997 to 2012.25 Overall, the data on height, body mass and composition of basketball teams suggests that players vary widely in body size independent of success rates.14,18,21 STRENGTH, POWER, AND AGILITY Body composition changes among elite athletes may influence competitive performance. 2 0 0 6 J u n Assessment of abilities in basketball: preliminary study. The sport of basketball requires specific skills that can be completed under dynamic conditions, in most cases while moving at a high speed or while changing directions.  |  Body composition, or the amount of lean muscle mass as compared to fat mass, is usually a consideration for most sports, and different compositions may predict success in different sports. Overall, the anaerobic energy systems are responsible for success in the large volume of jumps, sprints, accelerations and decelerations that occur during a game.14,16 Research has found that a player will have 1,000 changes of movement patterns, those changes occurring on average every 2 s;6 relying on the ability of the muscle to produce a large amount of energy quickly. Strength, speed and endurance changes during the course of a division I basketball season. Anthropometric characteristics, somatotyping and body composition of volleyball and basketball players. Jones, and M.J. McKenna (1995). Med. 2016 May;75(2):181-7. doi: 10.1017/S0029665115004206. In this study, the body fat percentage of male basketball players (14.7%) was higher than those observed in studies by Gerodimos et al. Information herein is intended for professional audiences, including scientists, coaches, medical professionals, athletic trainers, nutritionists, dietitians and other sports health professionals who have a fundamental understanding of human physiology. Epub 2015 Nov 6. 20. Morphol., 32(4):1316-1324, 2014. Preseason physiological profile of soccer and basketball players in different divisions. PROTEIN. For example, a positive correlation was found between basketball-specific repeated sprint ability from game results to maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), indicating aerobic system maintenance during the last stages of the game.17 In other studies, VO2max was correlated to the duration of running and jumping during a simulated game20 and to oxygen uptake and intensity during game play.16,24 Average VO2max values for female and male basketball players have been reported in the range of 44.0–54.0 and 50–60 mL/kg/min, respectively,26 although values vary by position, with guards tending to have a higher aerobic capacity than centers.23 One study suggests that monitoring the heart rate of players during practice is related to VO2max and could help to enhance the quality of practice in establishing and maintaining a level of aerobic fitness.8, The relatively high level of aerobic demand, despite the high percent of playing time spent walking and standing, suggests aerobic metabolism is critical in the removal of lactate and the restoration of PCr, which are known to be oxygen-dependent processes.22 The regeneration of PCr provides the muscle with energy to continue high-intensity contractions. & JIMÉNEZ-DIAZ, J. F. Body composition features in different playing position of professional team indoor players: basketball, handball and futsal. Methods: Aim: References. Physical attributes, physiological characteristics, on-court performances and nutritional strategies of female and male basketball players. Body size, composition and somatotype differ between performance levels in speed running. ies have documented changes in body composition in female collegiate athletes from pre- to postseason; however, longitudinal studies examining changes across years are scarce. 2012 Jul;112(7):2727-37. doi: 10.1007/s00421-011-2221-8. Müller MJ, Braun W, Pourhassan M, Geisler C, Bosy-Westphal A. Proc Nutr Soc. 9. McInnes S.E., J.S. 26:22–29. Hooper, D.M. Perf. Being less ectomorphic, with a greater fat free mass and strength, can explain significant differences in sprinting performances. 4. 23. Changes in regional body composition explain increases in energy expenditure in elite junior basketball players over the season. Low BF% has been related to decreased bone density, menstrual dysfunction, and disordered eating habits; high BF% has been related to the onset of cardiovascular disease risk factors. As a result, successful basketball athletes tend to possess high strength, power and agility while maintaining a fairly lean body composition. Pyne, and M.J. Mckenna (2010). COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. It is clear that training the anaerobic energy system is a key to success in the game of basketball. (2004). 16. Improved aerobic power by detraining in basketball players mainly trained for strength. Strength Cond. Tab le 2. Tab le 2. Muscle mass is determined Delextrat A. and D. Cohen (2008). Best (1998). Conclusion: Predicting success in junior elite basketball players. Physical and performance characteristics of NCAA division I male basketball players. Res. The present study was designed to evaluate the anthropometric parameters, body composition and anaerobic power components of elite male and female basketball players and compare them in relation to gender and specific sport demands. Total-body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) were assessed using isotope dilution techniques, and extracellular (ECF) and intracellular fluids (ICF) were calculated. Fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were assessed with a four-compartment model. & JIMÉNEZ-DIAZ, J. F. Body composition features in different playing position of professional team indoor players: basketball, handball and futsal. Bishop, D. (2004). 2011 Sep;25(9):2488-95. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fb3dfb. Int. Relationship between athletic performance tests and playing time in elite college basketball players. Accepted 8 October, 2010 The purpose of the study was to compare the anthropometric characteristics and somatotype of the The range of carbohydrate intake suggested for basketball players is 5–7 (and up to 10) g/kg body weight (see sample diet below). The physical and physiological demands of basketball training and competition. The proof is in the physiques and performance of today's top NBA stars. The aerobic energy system uses oxygen to convert glucose and fat to energy and helps maintain the lower intensity and longer duration movements, which represent about 65% of the active game time.16, Coaches often overlook the contribution of the aerobic energy system for success in basketball; however, aerobic capacity is related to successful performance of high-intensity work over a period of time.  |  19:425-432. Fitness test results of female elite basketball play ers (n=14). Minahan (2010). 5. Profiling in basketball: Physical and physiological characteristics of elite players. 13:9-17. Delextrat et al5 showed that elite players achieved significantly better performances in the 1-repetition maximum (1-RM) bench press (+18.6% or 223 lbs) as compared to average-level players. For many basketball players, maintaining their weight and lean mass through the long competitive season is often the biggest issue. Silva AM, Matias CN, Santos DA, Rocha PM, Minderico CS, Sardinha LB. On this list there are some surprising sports ranked high, though there is no doubt that body composition is one of the most important factors for jockeys and divers. J. Physiological Differences Between Male and Female Athletes. Basketball. Subjects with unilateral patellar tendinopathy had a higher waist to hip ratio than controls. J. Appl. Journal of Physical Education and Sports Management, 1(3), 28-32. The anaerobic energy systems supply energy for high-intensity, short-duration muscle contractions, and are composed of the ATP/PCr system and anaerobic glycolysis. 6. Fit. J. J. Sci. 22:1066-72. FFM components differed from the established values based on cadaver analysis. Both genders increased their performance and associations were found between changes in molecular and whole-body components with performance. Unpublished data, 15 year average of Combine results posted on NBA.com (1997-2012, N=4196), compiled by the analytics team for the San Antonio Spurs. Gillam, G.M. Develops fundamental movement skills. 2016 Jun 27;7:262. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2016.00262. Sport Sci. Sallet, P., D. Perrier, J.M. 3. Time-motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. Strength Cond. and J. Maia (1998). J. Med. Body composition analysis is a method of describing what the body is made of, differentiating between fat, protein, minerals, and body water to give you a snapshot of your health. The contribution of anthropometric and physiological attributes. Ideal physique and physiology are not sufficient for excellence in basketball.15 However, understanding these components and using this knowledge to create training and nutrition plans can benefit athletes of all skill levels. This paper explores scientific data on structural and functional demands of elite basketball players to establish the physiological profile of successful athletes. J. 95 g 220 lbs. Body composition can be considered important in sports where you have an advantage of being tall (e.g. Repayment of O2 dept and resynthesis of high energy phosphates in gastrocnemius muscle of the dog. However, as described above, aerobic fitness should not be ignored, so a training program should also include work to build the cardiovascular base. He is also required to be physically domineering with more physical strength and athleticism.On the offensive play, most centres do not consistently score midrange or beyond the arch. J. Appl. As a result, comparisons were made separately. They are the point guard (PG), the shooting guard (SG), the small forward (SF), the power forward (PF), and the center (C). This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Sport. Twelve males and 11 females (16 to 17 years) were evaluated. SUMMARY: The aim of the present research was to analyze the body composition (BC) and the differences in BC among Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to assess longitudinal body composition changes among female collegiate athletes across 3 years. Body composition is important because you are always running up and down the court. (See The Easy Basketball Diet .) Make sure you have plenty of fluids on hand and rehydrate regularly. Application of standards and models in body composition analysis. While strength, power and agility may predict success in basketball, the sport does have an endurance component and the aerobic and anaerobic systems contribute to the overall energy demands. Smartplay Preventing Basketball Injuries Fact … Interestingly, there appears to be a steady decline in upper body strength over the past six years as observed in NBA Pre-Draft Combine workouts, where 10% of draft-eligible players could not bench press the minimum 185 lbs.25. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. J. Athl. Silva AM, Fields DA, Heymsfield SB, Sardinha LB. For many basketball players, maintaining their weight and lean mass through the long competitive season is often the biggest issue. While a quarter of game play for a high school athlete lasts 8 minutes of clock time, an average segment of play may last only 12–20 s.20 However, basketball players have been found to cover about 4500–5000 m (2.8–3.1 mi) during a 48–minute game.4 Also, in a simulated practice game, players were found to spend only 34.1% of the time playing, 56.8% walking, and 9.0% standing.20 Therefore, both the aerobic and anaerobic metabolic systems are required.3,4,24 When designing training and nutrition programs, it is important to note that the overall physical load, based on heart rate, and oxygen demand are greater for games than scrimmage practice situations.19 Analyses of physiological requirements of basketball in the past 20 years showed a major reliance on the anaerobic metabolism across positions,7 with secondary reliance on the aerobic energy system. A specific body composition may not be an essential factor for success in basketball as in other sports, although it strongly determines a player’s position. Anthropometric and performance measures for high school basketball players. Body Composition focuses on the physiological attributes of the athlete’s body. Protein is … basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy (sumo wrestling) or light (gymnastics). Identification of anthropometric and physiological characteristics relative to participation in college basketball. The present study analyzed the changes in body composition and physical performance in wheelchair basketball (WB) players during one competitive season. The results presented in this study provide a point of reference about sprinter … Sports Med. While height, of course, is determined by genetics, changes in body composition can be achieved through proper training and nutrition. Train. Cuiti, C., C. Marcello, C. Macisa, C. Onnisa, E. Solinasa, R. Laia, and C. Concu (2004). J. One study has been published in which high school male (n=61) and female (n=54) players in Madison, WI, were described.9 The female athletes weighed an average of 61.54 ± 8.68 kg (135.39 ± 19.10 lbs) with 20.45 ± 4.65 % body fat, and the males weighed an average of 74.95 ± 12.02 kg (164.89 ± 26.44 lbs) with 11.98 ± 4.30 % body fat. Hoffman J.R., G. Tenenbaum, C.M. Sports Med. SUMMARY: The aim of the present research was to analyze the body composition (BC) and the differences in BC among 10. Fit. Med. Natl. Lean tissue is known as metabolically active tissue, the tissue that burns calories all day. J. Extreme levels of body fat (BF%) may bring about severe health consequences. This will include information on such things like muscle to fat ratios within the body of the athlete. Med. Front Physiol. Greene, J.J., T.A. Sport. Meckel Y., R. Gottlieb and A. Eliakim (2009). On this list there are some surprising sports ranked high, though there is no doubt that body composition is one of the most important factors for jockeys and divers. Playing basketball offers youth the opportunity to develop … 5:144–149. Physiol. An interactionist view linking time-motion analysis, lactate concentration and heart rate. (1985). The following is an exclusive excerpt from the book NSCA's Guide to Tests and Assessments, published by Human Kinetics.All text and images provided by Human Kinetics. The components of fitness include Strength, Power, Speed, Endurance, Balance, Coordination, Reaction Time, Muscular Endurance, Cardiovascular Fitness, Body Composition and Flexibility. Males increased FFM (4.4±2.3%), TBW (3.5±4.6%), SM (4.5±2.3%), and arm (3.4±2.7%) and thigh (3.8±3%) Mc. Br. 33:229-232. J. Repeated sprint tests in young basketball players at different game stages. HHS Metaxas, T.I., N. Koutlianos, N.T. Basketball combines a variety of individual and collective skills that are executed in the context of competitive play. Females increased SM (5.9±4.6%) and arm (3.6±3.8%) and thigh (4±5.2%) Mc and decreased ICF (-9.7±13.6%). MENTE-SUAREZ, V. J. Game intensity in basketball. Agility is the ability to move quickly and change directions under control to execute sport skills, whereas power is the ability to rapidly combine speed and strength, the best example of which may be sprinting and jumping abilities. Narazaki, K., K. Narazaki, K. Berg, N. Stergiou, and B. Chen (2009). While the demands and characteristics of the athletes differ by position, they are not as drastically different as a sport like football. Physiological differences in professional basketball players as a function of playing position and level of play. Hoffman J.R., A.C. Fry, R. Howard, C. M. Maresh, and W.J. The components of fitness include Strength, Power, Speed, Endurance, Balance, Coordination, Reaction Time, Muscular Endurance, Cardiovascular Fitness, Body Composition and Flexibility. Sendelides, and A. Mandroukas (2009). 11. J. Ferret, V. Vitelli, and G. Baverel (2005). These differences generally give men a competitive edge in sports that … 8. The purpose of a hydration plan is to help replace fluids lost from sweating and reduce the level of dehydration in order to maintain performance. Sports Med. J. 24. Int. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. The game of basketball is characterized by frequent starts, stops, and changes of direction, all maintained over a period of time. Repeated Sprint Ability in Young Basketball Players (Part 2): The Chronic Effects of Multidirection and of One Change of Direction Are Comparable in Terms of Physiological and Performance Responses. Res. The non-fat part of your body is called lean tissue, which includes your muscle, water, bone and organs. J. Appl. Abdelkrim N. B., E.F. Saloua, and E.A. The sport of basketball requires specific skills that can be completed under dynamic conditions, in most cases while moving at a high speed or while changing directions. The amount will vary depending upon playing time and the time of year (preseason, in-season, or postseason). The present research investigates anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype components of active Kosovo elite athletes of the sports: basketball, handball and football, and the obtained results are mutually compared. 21. MENTE-SUAREZ, V. J. USA.gov. Coach Sport. 125 g OFFSEASON The offseason is a time to focus on your individual progress and any body composition changes that may be necessary. J. body composition of volleyball and basketball players Vishaw Gaurav, Mandeep Singh* and Sukhdev Singh Department of Physical Education (T), Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India. Epub 2011 Nov 24. 25. Phys. J Strength Cond Res. Sport. Taylor, J. Just like the rest of us, basketball players are trying to keep their body fat down and their muscle mass up. Latin R.W., K. Berg, and T. Baechle (1994). basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy (sumo wrestling) or light (gymnastics). 28:657–662. J. And because the muscular tissues occupy less space in the body than fat tissue, the body composition significantly affect body’s leanness. Pyne, and C.L. Elite players have been found to have superior agility and sprint times compared to average-level players.5 By position, point guards were found to be faster than forwards and centers in agility tests with surprisingly no differences among these players in sprint tests.10 Significant differences have been found in vertical jump performance between different levels of basketball players,5,10 suggesting that the best players tend to jump higher than others. Strength Cond. Piiper J. and P. Spiller (1970). Body Weight Carbohydrate (grams) 130 lbs. 12–24. eCollection 2016. Sinning WE Body composition, cardiovascular function, and rule changes in women's basketball Res Q 44 313-321, 1973 Google Scholar Sinning WE Anthropomatric estimation of body density, fat, and lean body mass in women's gymnastics. 2009 Mar;49(1):54-63. 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